Predicted outcome value theory

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  • Uncertainty Reduction Theory By Charles Berger And Richard Calabrese

    Uncertainty reduction theory is an idea that was written about in 1975 by Charles Berger & Richard Calabrese. The central idea behind this theory is that when individuals first meet strangers they will employ certain strategies to gain information about this unfamiliar person in order to be able to predict or explain that persons’ actions, thoughts, and feelings (cited by Gibbs, Ellison & Lai, 2011, Antheunis, Valkenberg & Peter, 2010). According to theorists Ramirez, Walther, Burgoon, and Sunnafrank by gaining this information about a stranger people feel a reduction in uncertainty, which has an impact on not only the impression that people form but also on the ways they relate to each other (cited…

    Words: 1426 - Pages: 6
  • Analysis Of Famine, Affluence, And Morality By Peter Singer

    He does this first by presenting a drowning child situation that attempts to convince people to agree with his main moral principle that people are morally obligated to prevent bad things from happening that would not result in a loss of something of equal moral value. Singer claims that should a person agree that one is morally obligated to save a drowning child with the cost of dirtying their clothes, they therefore must also agree to donate their surplus of money until they themselves are in…

    Words: 1478 - Pages: 6
  • Good Deeds Analysis

    deeds that I did were the result of my wanting to please God, or from the wanting to fulfill my own selfish desires. Sometimes my deeds did not have best of intentions, but they would be merited as good deeds because of the ending result. Peter Abelard chooses to take a stance in which he argues that “unless intentions are the key ingredient in assessing moral value it is hard to see why coercion, in which one is forced to do something against his or her will, should exculpate the agent?” (Eth…

    Words: 720 - Pages: 3
  • Personal Moral Philosophy Examples

    I was born into lower middle class family living in a very eclectic neighborhood in Washington D.C. My parents worked relentlessly to support us and ensure we succeed through life. Ironically, given they spent so much time working, I quickly learned the way of the “latch-key kid”. It’s not like I was neglected; far from it. I grew up with a family filled with love and a willingness to help those around us. I also grew up in a diverse area representing many different attitudes towards…

    Words: 1176 - Pages: 5
  • Bilbo Righteous Quotes

    Righteous. What does it mean to be righteous? The definition of righteous is to be morally right or justifiable, but is that the only definition? How do we know if someone has the quality of righteousness? It all depends on one’s opinion of what they believe is righteous through their own morals and beliefs. Bilbo demonstrates righteousness on multiple occasions through the book. He takes some reasonable and just actions at times and there are other moments where you could question his…

    Words: 974 - Pages: 4
  • Malala Yousafzai Analysis

    world far more complex than the time he lived. By introducing and explaining Kant’s concept of inherent dignity and showing how some people or groups of people have been at the both a place where the demand for dignity is shouted across the world, taken and never given back from others and how one man’s denial of dignity through deception proves that Kant’s concepts are still valid today and perhaps more important than ever. To understand why it is so important for rational humans to have…

    Words: 1534 - Pages: 7
  • Non Consequentialist Theory

    In ethics, consequentialist theory defines as “the moral rightness and wrongness of action as a function of their result. If the consequences are good; the action is right, if they are bad, then the action is wrong.” There are two types of consequentialist theories. Egoism which views morality ultimately rests on self-interest. While “utilitarianism is the moral doctrine that people should always act to produce the greatest possible balance of good over bad for everyone affected by our…

    Words: 1218 - Pages: 5
  • Utility-Based Argument Analysis

    been produced without murdering someone. This would be highly reprimanded by society and is morally wrong. From this example, Curnutt shows how visual pleasure hold no moral value in arguments regarding vegetarianism (Timmons, 2007, pg. 419). Next, Curnutt offers an objection to the idea that convenience would override the wrongness of eating meat. Eating meat is convenient at various social gatherings and restaurants because the high supply of it makes meat a cheap food product. Just because…

    Words: 796 - Pages: 4
  • The Consequentialist Ethical Theory

    Consequentialist ethical theories maintain that consequences are the basis of moral evaluation. In other words, our decisions are considered either right or wrong due to their consequences (Shaw, 5). Followers of consequentialism support this premise by adhering to four essential principles. First, consequentialists abstain from disclosing on what is considered to be ‘morally valuable’. Agents of consequentialism never reference a moral framework which prescribes proper deeds, instead, they…

    Words: 1919 - Pages: 8
  • Imagery In A Good Man Is Hard To Find

    After the family gets out of the car shouting we have been in an accident, another car passes them by slowly and begins to approach them. Three men get out of the car with guns in hand-Hiram, Bobby Lee, and the Misfit who is wearing glasses and no shirt. The grandmother is frightened and quickly shouts that the man is the Misfit. When she realizes this she pleads for her life and asks if he would shoot a lady. Instead of begging the misfit to spare her family’s life she is only concerned about…

    Words: 921 - Pages: 4
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