Laurent-Désiré Kabila

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  • Case Study: The Democratic Republic Of The Congo

    changed his name to Mobutu Sese Seko and the country’s name to Zaire. Using his status, he nationalized the country economically. He prohibited religious instruction in schools, and imposed traditional African names. Mobutu forcibly secured his power for 32 years, which was supported by many fixed elections. Civil war and ethnic oppression, combined with an enormous influx of Rwandan and Burundian refugees provide the means to end the Mobutu regime by an insurrection led by Laurent Kabila. a. Then in 1997, the Kabila regime began and renamed the country to what it is currently recognized as, the DRC. His autocratic view and apparent lack of a reconstruction plan for the country led to another civil rebellion. Kabila’s former allies, Rwanda and Uganda, supported Congolese rebel forces in an effort to gain control of the country. In 1999, troops from Angola, Chad, Namibia, Sudan, and Zimbabwe intervened, and the Lusaka Accord was singed. In 2001, Kabila was assassinated, leaving his young son Joseph Kabila as the head of state. b. The aforementioned young president successfully negotiated the evacuation of Rwandan forces, which lead to the signing of the Pretoria Accord and, thus establishing national unity. In 2003, a transnational government was established, leading to a successful constitutional referendum. This was followed up by proper presidential elections. However, renewed conflict led to severe human rights abuse. Currently the DRC is still fighting…

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