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    Essay On Sharia

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    (Ahmed) and drawing in converts and lower socio-economic classes (Bilal Philips) Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal began preaching and established the Hanbali fiqh in Baghdad around 781-856 CE (Kakoulidou). Hanbali is thought to be the most conservative and strict out of all of the fiqhs in the methodology of interpreting laws, in an effort to preserve traditional Islam. Unlike the Hanafi fiqh, the emphasis was placed on the actions rather than the beliefs. Any actions that could lead to forbidden ends, Haram, were forbidden (Salahi). In one case, alcohol consumption, because it could have potentially led to self-harm or death, was forbidden. In addition, Muslims were clearly prioritized over non-Muslims. For example, a judge could simply discount any testimony from a non-Muslim in a trial if he wants to (“Hanbali Islam”). Imam Ahmad derived his ideas of Sharia from the Quran, Sunna, and analogies through association of ideas and public opinion. Although technically allowed, independent reasoning and analogies were severely restricted. Imam Ahmad went so far as to say that teachings from Muhammad (Hadith) that barely relate to a topic are preferred over analogies (Kakoulidou). He said, “There is a certain amount of leeway that can be taken with regards to [using hadiths]” (“Points of Benefit”). Distinct from the other fiqhs’ interpretations of Sharia, Hanbali also takes into account the teaching of Muhammad’s companions, because they are seen as close to Muhammad’s spiritual and…

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    Bay Al Dayn Case Study

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    However, they put certain condition to allow this practice that is no authentic source that prohibits such kind of selling. Moreover, they argue that the debt is a right in the possession of the creditor and accordingly, he has the full right to sell it or to give it either to same debtor or to a third party. (Sano, 2001). Although the Maliki, Shafii and Ibn al-Qayyim of Hanbali who allowed the practice are in the same line of opinion, they did so with different provision. (al-Zuhayli, 1997).…

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    Free Will In Theology

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    Free will and predestination are debated fiercely between two schools of thought, Mu’tazili and Hanbali. The Mu’tazili flourished in the cities of Basra and Baghdad, both in present-day Iraq, during the 8th–10th centuries, the Golden Age of Islam. The Mu`tazili are best known rejecting the status of the Qur’an as uncreated and co-eternal with God, asserting that if the Quran is God 's word, logically God "must have preceded his own speech" (Kadri 77). In contrast the Hanbali school follows the…

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    Apostasy In Islam

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    Instead, they should be imprisoned until they repent. Ibrahim al-Nakha'i and Sufyan al-Thawri and their followers were the ones who opposes the death penalty and suggested imprisonment instead. Moreover, Abu Hanifa and his followers were against the death penalty to apply on female apostates, they supported imprisonment until they rejoin Islam. Hanafi scholars stated that a female apostate should not be given the death treatment, as it was forbidden to kill women under Sharia. However, Maliki,…

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    to Muhammad but also to Ali and the other Imams. Twelvers believe the imams are immaculate from sin and human error, and can understand and interpret the hidden inner meaning of the teachings of Islam. MODERN TENSIONS: Iran’s Islamic Revolution in 1979 gave Shia cleric Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini the opportunity to implement his vision for an Islamic government ruled by the “guardianship of the jurist”, a controversial concept among Shia scholars that is opposed by Sunnis, who have…

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    enforcement in their communities” (Archbold, 2012). The system was adapted to the purpose, structure, and duties of the American police agencies which allowed it to change from ineffective watch groups to police agencies that have incorporated new technologies and problem-solving techniques into their daily routines. The United States policing system is based off of England’s Common Law since laws are formed and founded of legal precedence. Also, law enforcement agencies run on local, state, and…

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    Whoever boards it is saved, and whoever remains away perishes.” 2. “Knowledge does not consist in narrating much. Knowledge is but a light which Allah places in the heart.” 3. “None renounces the world and guards himself without then ending up speaking wisdom.” 4. When Imam Malik embarked on the study of Islamic sciences with a teacher, his mother advised him to “learn from your teacher his manners before you learnnfrom him his knowledge.” Where they reside: Imam Malik’s ideology on fiqh…

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    The Wahhabi Movement

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    the Qur’an does not provide an exhaustive body of laws, the desire to discover and delineate Islamic law in a comprehensive and consistent fashion led to the development of the science of law, or jurisprudence (fiqh). Fiqh, “understanding,” is that science or discipline that sought to ascertain, interpret, and apply God’s will or guidance (Sharia) as found in the Qur’an to all aspects of life. (Esposito, 2011, p. 96) There are also four major schools of law or jurisprudence for Sunni Islam that…

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    According to Munajjid, from among the four schools, Al Shafi allowed looking at face and hands, and not without a head cover. Abu Hanifa included feet besides head and face. Maliki School has two opinions on this issue- one allowing only face and hands and other including forearms as well. Two opinions also exist with the Hanbali school, first allowing face and forearms and the second stating ‘what usually appears’- which besides face and hands includes calves, neck etc.(1998). A woman’s face…

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    fowler’s position (Bauman & McCourt, 2014). After 48 hours the drain was removed and a CT scan revealed a significantly reduced hematoma. Baum and McCourt (2014) reported, chronic SDHs are rarely evacuated fully via drainage; although, the reduction in size may encourage the body’s natural absorption process. After an uneventful recovery the patient was discharged home after eight days; advised to continue regimens with speech, physical, and occupational therapists. Nursing Care Plan J.J.’s…

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