things to help understand the world and how it works. One of those remarkable scholars was Eratosthenes of Cyrene who lived to be about eighty-two years old. Eratosthenes was born in Greece in a colony known as Cyrene now days called Shahhat, Lybia. He later on moved to live and work in the city of Alexandria. Eratosthenes was a man who excelled in many fields of studies such as geography, mathematics, history, poetry and others. Many of the works that Eratosthenes…
Eratosthenes was a Greek mathematician, poet, and astronomer, but he is most famously known for being the first person to make a measurement for the size of the Earth. Over 2000 years ago, at the city of Syene, the sun’s rays fell upon a temple column casting a shadow, (1). The scientist noticed that as the sun reached midday, the shadow would not be casted since the sun was directly over the column. However, 800 kilometers to the north in the city of Alexandria, at the same moment at noon,…
LYSIAS I.22-27: MAKING A MURDERER JUSTIFIABLE HOMICIDE WORD COUNT (QUOTED GREEK TEXT IN FOOTNOTES): 1,078. The pivotal murder scene of Lysias’ On the Murder of Eratosthenes, described in 1.22-27, is one of the most carefully constructed passages in the speech. Andrew Wolpert praised it in 2001 as a “rhetorical masterpiece in self-fashioning”. Euphiletos, the speech giver, defends himself against the charge of murdering Eratosthenes by arguing that it was a justifiable homicide; according to…
Geometry and Eratosthenes In Professor Russ physical science class, there’s a plethora of subjects you, as a student, are bound to cover. This semester we had discuss over twenty different fields of science; the first being Geometry and Eratosthenes computing circumference of earth. We started the final semester off with two worksheets. The first was the “Angles of a Triangle”, we had to cut out the three angles of the triangle and piece them together in a shape. The three angles form a…
This story is about the trail of Euphiletos who is been incriminated for the killing of Eratosthenes after he caught him and his wife committing adultery. Euphiletos committed the murder in front of witnesses and he has to prove that he didn’t plan the murder but acted legally instead. To achieve this he needs to explain his live before the murder and the murder itself to the jury. He does this by painting picture of an ordinary man in his speech and this gives the reader the history the…
This paper will discuss the case of Euphiletus and how he got put to trial for killing the man his wife was having relations with. Euphiletus testifies that the letter of the law protects a man if he does find his wife in bed with another man and out of anger kills him. On the other hand, the spirit of the law says, because Euphiletus took five days to actually commit the murder the letter of the law does not apply to his case. Through Euphiletus court testimony he has given proof to prove that…
appearance of the stars moving across the sky was actually caused by the Earth's rotation. Eratosthenes and the Earth's Girth One can see that many of the ancient astronomers were also mathematicians; this skill, after all was essential to their theorizing and experimenting. One astronomer's knowledge of geometry enabled him to measure the circumference of the Earth (that is, near-accurately). This astronomer was Eratosthenes of Cyrene. Sometime around 240 B.C. , Eratosthenes conducted an…
Ancient Greece and Rome has a major impact on how society goes about its everyday lives without realization. Ancient Greece has had a lot of impact on how people view the world. The most important impacts on our society today was the discoveries in philosophy. Socrates is a well known philosopher back in ancient Greece that believed that patient examination was a way to help others seek truth and self-knowledge. This was called the Socratic Method. His way of thinking influenced how we think…
time to be thinking so intellectually, but if there were other people around them thinking as such, or people they had read about, they might feel compelled to share their own thoughts about the world. 2. Eratosthenes used geometry and his knowledge of shadows and geography to determine the circumference of the earth. He didn’t have many accurate measuring instruments at the time so we have to assume that he actually conducted these calculations on the summer solstice and not just on a day that…
at the same time. It’s amazing how little we know about primes after reflecting on them for thousands of years. Prime numbers were first studied extensively by Greek mathematicians. Euclid, a Greek Mathematician who lived around 300 BC and was known as the Father of Geometry, studied prime numbers in 300 BC. He demonstrated that there are an infinite number of primes. Even after 2000 years his proof stands as an excellent feat of deduction. As of February 2013, the largest known prime number is…