Ergot

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    Due to its miniscule size and the fact Claviceps purpurea is an unknown to these people, many commoners that consumed the bakery products made from the flour that was recently made became very ill and fell into the hands of Ergot of rye poisoning, a disease given the nickname back then “holy fire" or "St. Anthony’s fire (Schumann 2016). While ergot poisoning is no longer a concern to us due to the cleansing process harvested grain must undergo through to remove any such parasites or anything that could have been on the agriculture, the uses of ergot fungi began to be realized and thus, medicine/drug to precipitate childbirth was the first product created from this parasite. However, this discovery was not beneficial in the later years once…

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    Clavicep Synthesis

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    C. africana, C. viridis, and C. pusilla (2001). Although listing all of these species does show how small the Claviceps genus consists of, the main one, Claviceps purpurea, is one of the few groups of ergot fungi located in tropical regions, but typically where there are regions containing wild rye or grain plants, as well as wildgrass. Although this organism is not commonly known, it does have quite the history, specifically in Europe during the Middle Ages. Back when there was no real…

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    Ergot In Hysteria

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    A Medical Explanation for the Salem Witchcraft Occurrences While some people believed that the symptoms of the afflicted were too easily turned off and on, ergot poising could have caused the Salem witchcraft trials because most symptoms resembled ergot poising and the environment in New England had the perfect conditions for ergot to survive. In his historical piece on the witch trials called the Wonders of the Invisible World, Cotton Mather said “... I report matters not as an advocate, but as…

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    During 1938 in Switzerland, a man by the name of Dr. Albert Hofmann, discovered Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) in the pharmaceutical-chemical department of Sandoz Laboratories. Hoffman hoped that this drug could be used to stimulate circulation and respiration, though this idea fortunately failed. He soon had forgotten about the new found drug, and didn’t utilize it for the next five years. In 1943, he continued to observe the drug, and by accidentally ingesting LSD he later experienced some…

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    million people in U.S. aged 12 to 25 had used and abused LSD” (www.drugfreeworld.org). LSD was first manufactured in 1938 by a Swedish chemist, Albert Hofmann. After obtaining his PH.D. at age 23, Hofmann began working for Sandoz Pharmaceutical Laboratories, where they studied various plants with medicinal compounds. At the time, Albert was focusing on ergot fungus, which is a fungus that grows on various grains. This fungus, if injected is extremely poisonous and can cause death. It was when…

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    believe it was caused by the ingestion of ergot by the local people of Strasbourg, France(Israel, n.p). Others believe it was caused by a mass hysteria that broke out amongst the local towns people(Waller, n.p.). While there are many theories and beliefs about what actually caused the Dancing Plague of 1518, the actual cause was a religious belief mixed with the conditions the people had to endure at the time.…

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    LSD was first made by Albert Hoffman, a Swiss scientist, in 1938. LSD (short form) actually comes from its early name LSD-25 which is an abbreviation for the German "Lysergsaure-diethylamid" followed by a sequential number. Hoffman was not only the first to make LSD, he was also the firwst to ingest and learn the psychedelic effects of this drug. Hoffman died April 29, 2008, at the age of 102. LSD is a semi-synthetic drug, this means that it occurs both in nature and is part man-made. Lysergic…

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    Dating back to medieval times, theses fungi was never seen as a threat by the farmers and were hauled along with the collected wheat and rye, which was later grinded up into flour and used for baking. Under high temperatures and consumption, many people became victims to the frightening disease ergot of rye , back then nicknamed “holy fire” or “St. Anthony’s Fire”;nowadays, the only victims of this disease is seen among animals that consume plants holding the Ergot parasite (Schumann 2005).…

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    However, the origin of Lysergic acid diethylamide or specifically what makes up LSD, lysergic acid, can be narrowed down as an ergot alkaloid found in the Ergot Fungus (Claviceps purpurea), a parasite commonly located on rye and other species of grain or wild grasses (Schumann 2016). After placing themselves on the desired rye or some other species of grains, it uses the plant as a host in the process of replacing its reproductive organs with a sclerotium, a dark resting body for the fungi,…

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    The Salem witch trials were a even in history which can’t be forgotten. Due to the dumb decisions made by judges and playful acts by the girls from salem causing major damage to other people’s lives. But till this day many people still do not know the real reasons behind the Salem witch trials and how they all began. The trials had many factors that played into it which were: ergot poisoning, rivalries, and lastly boredom which really caused the most damage. Ergot What is ergot? Ergot is a…

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