Demographic economics

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    Demographic transition is a demographic phenomenon that is characterized by changes in the population indicator of fertility and mortality from a high numbers towards a stable lower numbers. This phenomenon in the study of development is one of the alternative points of view to explain the development process, in addition to any other point of view that tends to emphasize the economic aspects, such as capitalism, industrialization, and the theory of modernity as the center of development process. In the process, it can be said that there are two camps that have formed a different perspective in explaining the process of demographic transition. As a consequence of these differences, the two camps also offer a different perspective on how the relationship between human development and economic development, two crucial indicator in the study of development. In this essay I will elaborate the differences between these two viewpoints. This essay will first define what is meant by ‘demographic transition’ and its relation to human development and economic development concept. After which, it will explore the theoretical basis for the assumptions of both classical and contemporary demographic transition and outline the differences between two views. Third…

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    scrapping its controversial one child policy, as the country faces a demographic challenge. China’s population is aging and labour force is declining. Could the country create a baby boom? China is facing a big demographic problem as the country now has the biggest and rapidly aging population while the working age population also continues to decline. The situation is made trickier by the fact that China’s economic growth is cooling off. In order to ease the situation the country’s officials…

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    French political, social, cultural and economic life during the course of the nineteenth century? Ancien Regime France was the financial, demographic and cultural hub of Europe. A large unified landmass, a vast rural population and effective centralized governance, positioned the Hexagon to thrive in pre-industrial world. A combination of economic, social and political changes turned many of these strengths into weaknesses. The Industrial Revolution, meant…

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    Aging of Europe : Causes and Effects Europeans are facing the graying of their populations and fertility rates below replacement rate. The elderly population grows while the working age populations is in decline. Immigration is low in most European countries. The demographic current trend of working population decrease may lead to reduction of productivity. The elderly population may led to the medical, pension, and social systems to become overwhelmed. The European Union has goals of full…

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    The demographic transitions model splits society into four stages, stage one, High stationary which occurs when there is a high birth rate and a high death rate which has a natural increase is low because the two cancel each other out. In stage two, early expanding there is a rapid drop in the death rate, this transition could occur because of improvements in sanitation, better health care and food and water supply. All of these factors could play a huge role in this factor if people are getting…

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    including but not limited to the countries rapidly declining birth rate, low death rate, declining natural increase in population and declining fertility rate. This stage in the demographic transition model ideally characterizes developing nations such as China. Russia: Based on the data provided in figure 3.8, Russia is in “Phase 5: Declining Stage” of the demographic transition model. This is largely due to the fact that Russia has a low birth rate, rising death rate. This sort of situation…

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    world before the demographic transition, the population ratio of more than 40% of children, the elderly population aged 65 and above 4% or less, the age structure of the population pyramid is positive, it is the human population fully completed after the demographic transition, the proportion of the population of children dropped to 20%, while the proportion of elderly aged 65 and over population will exceed 20% of the population age structure will be transformed into the inverted pyramid, Some…

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    Analyzing Demographics There was an increase in the total aging population as well as the 65 and over population from 2012 to 2015. This increase in the older population will affect social and economical interests. Baby boomers are largely responsible for this increase in the older population (U.S. Census Bureau, 20014). With this boom comes change. The older population will become more racially and ethically diverse (U.S. Census Bureau, 20014). With change can come complications and…

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    The crude birth rate is the number of annual amount of live births per thousand people. The average number of of children that would be born to each women (per 1,000) in a society if they passed through the childbearing years bearing children is the total fertility rate. Lastly, the replacement-level fertility rate is a total fertility rate of about 2.1, that stabilizes the population. The crude birth rate and the fertility rate show how fast our population may be growing. If we are…

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    Introduction Are we too big? Can we cope with up to 38 million people? Good Morning Tony Abbott and ministers, in the next seven or so minutes, three new babies will be born, two people will pass away, and six people will migrate to Australia. Australia is experiencing a large population boom which can effect our economic prosperity, livability and environmental sustainability. If however managed adequately a growing population’s impacts can be reduced and possibly eliminated, thus providing a…

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