Causes And Effects Of The Aging Of Europe

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Aging of Europe : Causes and Effects Europeans are facing the graying of their populations and fertility rates below replacement rate. The elderly population grows while the working age populations is in decline. Immigration is low in most European countries. The demographic current trend of working population decrease may lead to reduction of productivity. The elderly population may led to the medical, pension, and social systems to become overwhelmed. The European Union has goals of full employment and growth for all members and the decline in populations will derail these goals. The EU wants to put policies into effect that will encourage more childbearing, increase immigration of working age people where needed, and have more people in …show more content…
Europe has 27 of the 30 countries in the world that have the largest number of over their population over 65. Japan has a population of 26.3 % while Italy, Greece, Germany, Portugal, Finland and Bulgaria has 20% of the population over 65. In Germany and Italy the older population is already straining social services. Pasted immigration waves to Europe have changed the demographics and cultures with the North Africans in France, the Turks in Germany and the West Indians and Pakistanis in England. This current wave is going to change the dynamics of Europe again. Some feel that the immigrants could be a benefit long term as they renew the work force. Others say that the immigrates will cause lots of short term problems as there are to many to be taken in such a short time. Germany expects as many ans one million and half asylum seekers this year alone. The costs of resettling them into the societies is overwhelming. Some countries like Hungry do not want to take in refugees on religious, cultural, or nationalistic grounds. In the long run they will not help the ratio of working age people to …show more content…
Maternity leave dated back to the end of the 19th century and child leave in the recent past as a support for families. All European countries provide maternity leave as a universal right for employed women. Germany has offset is low birth rates with migrants from eastern and southern Europe and built its economy with exports. In both Spain and Greece unemployment is now over fifty percent. Spain was a strong Catholic country and the average woman had three children as late as 1975 as there was no divorce or contraception. It all changed in the 1980 's as women went to work and the family lost protaty. Today Spain has one of the lowest birthrates at 1.4 births. Spain, Italy, Greece, and Portugal became more liberal as its workforce was not highly skilled as Northern Europe as its economy where based on tourism. Half a million immigrants arrive from Muslim countries each year almost that many young educated workers are leaving Spain and going north or west to Latin

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