Clever Hans

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    one of the most desired abilities people want to obtain from superheroes in comic books; however, Heinzen opposes this. According to his findings, famous in 19th century Clever Hans, which was a horse trained by the teacher of mathematics Von Osten, was able to think as human and read their mind (10). Moreover, Hans was tested by scientists to reveal the secret of his telepathy because it did not make sense how a horse could solve mathematical problems and give correct answers; nevertheless, the mystery was revealed: it was not special about Clever Hans, the study of Von Osten proved that horses are extremely sensitive to people’s unconscious movements (Heinzen, 10-16). Consequently, Clever Hans is nothing but an example of how people unconsciously radiate signals and effectively use their body language to communicate. Hans indeed was not a telepath; on opposite, he had outstanding reciprocity skills of human movements. As Heinzen proves, when Hans was asked a question to guess a number, he would tap the approximate number, and then slow down once the reaction from the audience was received to see when to stop (15-16). It is obvious that Hans did not have any special ability of mind reading, the horse simply observed the muscle reaction, and the body language that a person subconsciously expressed. This is why Hans…

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    Although different in subject, the two essays “Immune to Reality” and “When I Woke Up Tuesday Morning It Was Friday” share a common theme (Stout ---) (Gilbert ---). The two essays, using psychoanalysis, discuss how the brain attempts to protect people from physical and emotional harm. Something that many fail to realize is that their brain does a lot to try to prevent both types of harm; while these attempts are to prevent harm, they at times can be harmful. Gilbert begins discussing how the…

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    Edward Abbey's Great American Desert Environmentalist and desert-lover, Edward Abbey in his essay “The Great American Desert” warns readers about the perilous dangers of the American deserts while simultaneously stirring curiosity about these fascinating ecosystems. He both invites and dissuades his readers from visiting the deserts of North America through the use of humor and sarcasm. In this essay, he is rhetorically successful in arguing that the open spaces of the undeveloped deserts…

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    As technology advanced during the Han dynasty and the Roman empire, it was met with mixed feelings. Technology was used by both the Chinese and Romans, although Romans believed that technology was necessary, some viewed craftsmen were not people with enlightened minds.The Chinese had a very opened view and embraced technology; the Han government even regulated the production of certain tools. Many Chinese supported technology because it helped the common people and was crucial to their success;…

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    Protest In Art

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    was omnipresent, like Augustus’ portraits. Under totalitarian rule, artists and designers hid truths and promoted ideologies in print. Their techniques were clever and persuasive. The Soviets used art to promote ideas of a new society and a new man. This propaganda was used to win over the intellectuals as well as the average man. Similar to Augustus, Stalin stressed himself as the leader. When Stalin came to power, he sent the region into full communism and demanded more industrialization.…

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    Han Fei Tzu: Legalism, is an ancient Chinese philosophy concerned with the art of rulership and the stability of the state. Along with hundreds of other philosophical schools, legalism emerged during the Warring States Period (453-422 BC), a time of intense political and intellectual turmoil. Unlike other schools of thought, legalism defined the strength of the state, through a system of punishments and rewards, propagated by common laws. Neither concerning itself with Confucian idealization of…

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    between 1860-1874 were a revelation to have second thoughts about the relationships with the West, also to avoid any domestic clashes and revolts. Prince Gong and Cixi encouraged the self-strengthening programs for the industrialization and modernization of China. However, this would mean that China had to operate with the Western countries. The friendship between Cixi and Ci´An was still friendly, they were also referred as the “Two Dowager Empresses”. By this time, Cixi had become very clever…

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    An Ideal Image of China: Analysis of Voltaire’s Orphan of China Han xue 14421771 1. The Orphan of Zhao is a Chinese play from the Yuan era and it's written by thirteenth-century dramatist Ji Jun Xiang. It tells a story that takes place during the Spring and Autumn period of China. A nobility Minister Zhao and his family members were killed by an evil general, Tu’an GU. The grandson of Minister Zhao I the only survivor. A group of heroes sacrificed themselves only to protect the Zhao Orphan.…

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    Introduction The United States (The US) got its independence from Britain in the year 1776. The treaty that made it a nation is the Treaty of Paris that was signed in 1783 (Yang 2012). Before the 19th Century, only 13 states were members of the US. However, during the 19th and 20th Centuries, 37 more states became members of the union. The country expanded through North America, acquiring more land than before and more possessions than it originally had. There are two main traumatic experiences…

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    China In The 19th Century

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    In these few decades, China’s economic has growth efficiently and the country is developing rapidly. However, in the 19th century and early 20th century , many Chinese were living under privation whether in cities or rural areas. As a result, many Chinese had the “American dream”: immigrating to the United States to get away from hardship and anticipate for life improvement. Indeed, their main goal was to “gold digging” meaning to earn money for better survival and able to contribute even a…

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