For this report I interviewed my great grandmother, Margaret Westphal, about the changes she is encountering within each domain throughout late adulthood. Last April she celebrated her 76th birthday and appears to be aging successfully according to John Rowe and Robert Kahn (Boyd & Bee, 2012, p. 462). Rowe and Kahn define successful aging as maintaining physical health, cognitive abilities, being involved in social and productive activities, and being satisfied with life. (Boyd & Bee, 2012, p. 462). When asked questions regarding the physical domain, several things my grandmother mentioned are common changes that occur in late adulthood. At age 75 she had surgery to remove cataracts in both of her eyes. Cataracts occur when the lens of the eye becomes clouded and impairs vision (Boyd & Bee, 2012, p. 440). More than 60% of adults over the age of 75 are affected by cataracts (Boyd & Bee, 2012, p. 440). My grandmother also commented on how she tries to avoid driving in the dark. This is likely due to it being difficult for the pupils to dilate or constrict in response to light or darkness (Boyd & Bee, 2012, p. 397). The final visual difference mentioned was that she has become farsighted. She said she typically holds items, such as a newspaper, farther away to obtain an improved view of it. These changes are collectively referred to as presbyopia (Boyd & Bee, 2012, p. 396). Presbyopia is defined as the normal loss of visual perception, especially difficulty focusing on near…
2014 pp. 90 identifies that a major cause of student’s difficulties in mathematics has been how they understand and process numbers. The teacher then writes on the board 723- 246. The class is asked to copy and complete the above exercise in their books. The teacher then asked a student the answer. The student says “four hundred and seventy-seven”. The teacher interrupts the student: “That is not the way you have been taught to do it” The students haven’t discussed to reason on the answer…
The instructional strategies selected for this unit were appropriate to meet the needs of the diverse learners. Providing the students with different cues and questions played an essential role during this unit as they were able to help activate the students prior knowledge. The cues and questions provided when working one-on-one with students was also important as the number of prompting, cues, or questioning varied based on the student. Another equally important strategy was the use of…
problems included multiplication problems that were more advanced. So, I wanted the students be able to solve word problems that involve multiplying three or four digit numbers by one. Or, two digit numbers by two digit numbers. I also wanted them to demonstrate and practice proper group work expectations since Ms. Bell has been working diligently to establish positive group work in their lessons. Overall, this lesson went very well. The students were so well behaved, showing their ability to…
Science, and History. However, math is appeared to be the hardest and more challenging subject that is being authorized widely. In the beginning for hundreds of thousands of years, children educated themselves through self-directed play and exploration. With the rise of agriculture, and later of industry, children became forced laborers.…
Counters are tokens which represent units or numbers, so they can be anything. Teachers can cheaply acquire or make a bulk amount of counters to use. Some examples of what teachers often use for this manipulative are: dried beans, popcorn kernels, jelly beans, colored paper squares, marshmallows or Fruit Loops style cereal. Another advantage of this manipulative is their ease of use. Students can use counters intuitively, it does not take much instruction time explaining how to use them. A…
Images of thin, beautiful women and muscular, wealthy men form stereotypes for many that have led to a decline of self acceptance. Many of the images portrayed by the media shape individuals to think that thin is beauty and most will attempt by all means to achieve it. Teenagers (mostly women) on social media experience body shame, body dissatisfaction, weight dissatisfaction, lower body esteem and higher levels of depression. The internet and other similar sources like magazines can have a…
60 was used for basic math and 360 was used for circles The Sumerians also gave us the decimal system. The Hindu’s gave us the Arabic Numeral System which gave mankind counting numbers. With the extension of numbers, math took off. The Hebrew’s gave us another numeral system but this one went into the hundreds. The Babylonians gave us the digit 0 and then we had a a completed number system for that time. Agriculture was a ginormous element when civilization was first coming together and it has…
Computers have all but replaced humans for doing complex calculations. But computers handle numbers much differently than humans do. At this point, the majority of people use base-10 for their math. The base of a number system refers to the number of number symbols used in that system. In base 10 the numbers used are 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9. Humans use this system because it shortens numbers. Humans have 10 fingers so it is logical that base-10 counting systems developed naturally. But…
note the location of the file) so as to not lose any of your work. Once completed, you will submit this document to WGU for grading. Instruct What student misconceptions have you encountered related to fraction, decimal, and percentage concepts? How do you help students understand the notion of equivalence among fractions or prepare them for this understanding? One misconception I have encountered with fraction is that students have a misunderstanding of what the denominator and numerator…