# Rational

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• ## Rational Expectations Hypothesis Essay

2.1 The Rational Expectations Hypothesis The rational expectations hypothesis is the hypothesis that, when forming expectations about any variable, people will make optimal use of the available information. This information includes the actual value of certain variables and, more widely, the nature or structure of the world in which people are operating. Let the value a variable ‘y’ takes in period t depend upon, or be a function f (.) of, the value of other variables, x1, x2 and x3 have taken in some previous periods. But let y also be influenced by a random event, u. So the true nature of the world is the following: yt = f (x1t-1----- x1t-n, x2t-1----- x2t-n, x3t-1----- x3t-n) + ut ------------------------------------------ ( 2.1) Here the state of the world is…

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• ## The Rational Choice Theory

is known as the rational choice theory, which was first introduce by Cesare Beccaria in the late eighteenth century. Gabor et al., (1987) claimed that rational choice theory is, “…Found on the assumption that offenders are more or less rational in their decision making and seek to benefit themselves by their criminal activity (As cited in Morrison and O’Donnell, 1996). This theory asserts that these individuals are goal oriented and self interested, therefore, if the benefits of the crime…

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• ## Theory Of Rational Choice

The theory of Rational Choice emerged during the year 1200-1400 from Italian criminologist, jurist, philosopher, and politician Cesare Beccaria. The theory of Rational Choice assumes that all criminals and crimes are rationalize when they are committed. It states that people choose to commit crimes after weighing the costs and benefits such as the consequences of their actions; whether their choice brings them pleasure and reduce pain. (Akers L.) For example, in recent U.S. history, James…

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• ## Rational Choice Theory Essay

8.Explanations 8.1. Rational Choice Theory Rational choice theory presumes that individuals make logical decisions from the choices available to them, which provides the greatest satisfaction and which are in their interest (Haycraft, 2013:13). Furthermore, rational choice theory assumes that an offender carries out a crime by evaluating what can be earned through committing the crime (Haycraft, 3013:13). Haycraft (2013:12) states that an individual might decide to commit a crime because the…

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• ## Elements Of Rational Choice Theory

What are the key elements of Rational Choice Theory? • Beeson and Firth (1998) ‘Neoliberalism as a political rationality: Australian public policy since the 1980’s’, Journal of Sociology, Vol 34. Pp 215-231 In Beeson and Firth’s article, I gain a further insight into the conception of liberalism and the implementation of rational choice theory, specifically focusing on economic gain and wealth. The authors thoroughly researched the introduction of liberalism in the 1900’s and the resurgence…

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• ## Rational And Control Theory In Criminology

Introduction - The subjects of study which has “logy” in them became very popular from previous century. The critics are getting involved very much in every field. Theories need to be proved properly and use practically in favour of mankind. In Criminology, from the beginning the laws were introduced by the high class people in western countries. Some of their hypothesis and assumptions were shown as right without any scientific proofs. The rational and control theories are in this debate from…

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• ## Arguments Against Rational Choice Theory

Historical Background Rational choice theory really started developing during the eighteenth century. Before this, especially during the Middle Ages, a fear of satanic possession, or control from a higher power, really dominated thinking (Siegel, 2016). Those who were believed to be witches or possessed were burned at the stake, and their offspring was even considered to have inferior blood (Siegel, 2016). This thinking didn’t really start dying out until the Renaissance period, when new ideas…

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• ## Rational Choice Theory Case Study

rest. The rational choice theory may provide an answer as to why the disaster ensued. The rational choice theory is a key aspect of social sciences and it is viewed as a mode of reasoning. This particular theory provides an analysis of rational decision making based on an individual’s goals, beliefs and preferences. It assumes that individuals make rational decisions that provide them with the greatest benefit…

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• ## Rational Theory Vs Social Control Theory

The problem is that we cannot assume whether an individual action was irrational due to our belief’s while he or she considered their actions as rational. This become important when it comes to choosing an alternative options: attend a rehabilitation center or risk incarceration for that crime. Research has proving that the threat of arrest, rather than harshness is the most important deterrent factor, and many programs that focus on rehabilitation have been unsuccessful. An individual will plan…

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• ## Difference Between Rational Choice Theory And White Collar Crime

A theory that supports the actions of white collar crime is rational choice theory. “In rational choice theories, individuals are seen as motivated by the wants or goals that express their ‘preferences’”(Browning et. al, 2000). People in the everyday world are consumed by decisions daily from small things like deciding on dinner to major long term decisions such as last will and testimony. Based on the situation of the individual in particular decisions will vary. According to Browning and…

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