# Randomization

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The sample of a population is used within this process to make inferences about the population from which it was derived (Chamberlain, 2016). When selecting the sample, it is recommended that researchers identify the methods they used to obtain that sample (Creswell, 2014). Creswell (2014) identified two methods for this process. First, he recommended selecting a random sample (Creswell, 2014). The central characteristic of a random sample is that all individuals have a non-zero and independent chance of being selected to participate (Chamberlain, 2016). Furthermore, randomization allows researchers to better generalize about a population (Creswell, 2016). Another type of sampling is systematic random sampling (Chamberlain, 2016). Using this method, researchers should develop a comprehensive list that is not structured (Chamberlain, 2016). Once the list has been compiled, the researcher should choose a random spot on that list, based off of the total sample size, and then select by interval moving forward (Chamberlain, 2016). While drawing a random sample is ideal, it is not always feasible. Therefore, another alternative sampling approach, which is considered less desirable, is referred to as the nonrandomized approach (Creswell, 2014). Researchers who utilize this approach often use it when they are not…

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Exercise 1: Sampling This group of vehicles I chose to sample was selected on September 21st, 2016. The parking lot these cars were chosen is located in Mansfield, Ohio, on Main Street, across from the Carousel, at 4:30pm. Vehicle Type Maker Age Color State Parking Spot # Sedan Honda 4-7 Green Ohio 32 Sedan Hyundai 0-3 Blue Ohio 56 Pick-up Chevy 0-3 Red Ohio 14 Coup Mini-Cooper 4-7 Green Ohio 9 SUV Ford 8+ Brown New York 61 SUV Toyota 0-3 Black Ohio 28 Sedan Dodge 4-7 Red Ohio 41 Sedan Ford…

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the information obtained tends to be superficial. The researcher must know sampling techniques, questionnaire construction, interviewing, and data analysis is also the disadvantage of Cross- Sectional. Ex post facto The advantage of Ex post facto is that offers a higher level of control than a correlational study. The disadvantages of Ex post facto is that it does not allow one to draw a causal linkage between two variable. And it is an alternative hypothesis could be the reason for the…

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Required theory should be developed and available 2. A quantitative question is asked and should be free from legal and ethical issues to conduct experiments. Pre-Experimental Design – A single group is studied in this design and no comparison is made between equivalent groups. QUASI EXPERIMENTAL DESIGNS The manipulation, control, and randomization are not required in Quasi-experimental designs. There are following three types of quasi experimental types: 1. Nonequivalent control group design –…

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If there is a dependent variable, what is it? How are they operationalized? A dependent variable corresponds with an outcome in which the researcher wants to understand/predict (p43). In this case scenario, the dependent variables are the subjects/clients at the needles exchange center. The dependent variables are operationalized because the researcher specifically manipulated the control groups to measure the concept of the needed data (p44.) e. Was there randomization used in this…

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The sample data from the athletes in the MIAA showed a correlation of -0.026, meaning there is no correlation between the two variables. The statistical tests used were both a bootstrap test and a randomization hypothesis test for a correlation. Figure 1. Scatter plot and summary statistics from the sample data. This display has the time in seconds on the X-axis and the distance in miles on the Y-axis. Then, to examine if the distance traveled has any impact on the speed of the…

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The study design used a true experimental study since all the participants were randomly assigned to a group. A posttest-only design was used because all participants were assessed before to establish a baseline and after the intervention to assess the outcome. The study wanted to evaluate if the presence of an RN who provides one-on-one support during chemotherapy session can improve comfort and well-being in participants. The most rigorous and best fit designed was used. The study compared…

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First of all, the patients will be asked to participate in the study. In case of acceptance, an information sheet will be given (Annex A) to inform about the procedures, risks and benefits. After that, information consent (Annex B) will be given to him and randomization will start. Each participant will be assigned according to a code (VII.f Randomization). On the one hand, if the patients are chosen to be in the non-operative group; the subjects will be refer to a cardiologist and start AADs…

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Participants completed informed consent procedures then submitted information pertaining to their training (psychiatry, psychology, no training). Participants within each population sample (psychiatrists, psychologists and college students) were assigned to either the biological conceptualization of depression group or the psychological conceptualization of depression group via blocked randomization. Each group received one of the two vignettes to read (containing a story where a clinician…

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validity (Slack & Draugalis, 2001) because using student grades to figure out the effect of class size on attendance does not make sense. It does not make sense because semester grades do not always correlate with attendance. In addition to lacking internal validity, this experiment is not a true experiment. This experiment is a quasi-experiment because it lacks random assignment (Trochim, W.M., 2006). In this experiment, the students were not randomly assigned to colleges which in turn creates…

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