Peroxisome

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  • Adrenoleukodystrophy Research Paper

    Adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) is a condition which affects the ability of adrenal glands to produce adrenaline and myelin, which insulates the nerves in the brain and spinal cord. This diminishes the ability of the brain to communicate effectively with the rest of the nerves. This condition was initially identified in the early 1900s and was originally called Schilder-Addison disease (2). The cause of this condition originates in the peroxisomes, which are tiny structures in the cell which assist cells in the fatty acid break down process. When peroxisomes cannot perform the breakdown of Very Long Chain Fatty Acids (VLCF), complications will eventually appear; leading to the accumulation of VLCF in the adrenal organs. According to Thomas C.…

    Words: 866 - Pages: 4
  • Essay On Cell Theory

    (Animal Cell Structure, 2005) Organelles inside the cell have specific jobs to perform for the cell, organelles include the ribosomes, vacuoles, centrioles, lysosomes, peroxisomes, cilia, flagella, mitochondria and the endoplasmic reticulum. In addition there are also three main components to any cell. These include the cell membrane, cytoplasm and nucleus. The most common fluid inside the cell is the cytoplasm. The cytoplasm is contained inside the cell membrane and it surrounds all of the…

    Words: 1772 - Pages: 8
  • Organelles In Cell

    Similarly, peroxisomes degrades toxic compounds. Another small organelle is Ribosomes. RNA is used to synthesize proteins and can be found in the large number of Ribosomes. Endoplasmic Reticulum is involved in the transport of many materials. ER is made of two different types, smooth and rough. Centrosomes are also present and they contain important spindle fibers which develop during the process of cell division. Main Functions: Endoplasmic Reticulum- a network of tubular membranes within the…

    Words: 664 - Pages: 3
  • Nutraceuticals: A Modest Proposal

    derivatives • Phenolic substances • Fatty acids and structural lipids • Carbohydrates and derivatives • Amino acid-based substances • Microbes • Minerals. PUFA AS NUTRACEUTICAL Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are found in both animal and plant sources. They are termed as “Essential” as they cannot be synthesized by our body. It includes omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids. Omega 3 is good for the heart health while omega 6 helps in lowering blood pressure, reduces risk of diabetes by…

    Words: 1120 - Pages: 5
  • Similarities Between Prokaryotic And Eukaryotic Cells

    dimensions. Prokaryotic cells typically range from about 1 to 5 micrometers, whereas eukaryotic cells are about 10 to 30 micrometers. In contrast, the HIV virus has a diameter of 100 nanometers. Internally, the three are different in copious amounts of ways, eukaryotes are more complicated than prokaryotes and viruses simply contain genetic material. Eukaryotes contain an assortment of complex membrane-bound organelles that divide cytoplasm into compartments within which specialized activities…

    Words: 812 - Pages: 4
  • The Four Components Of Cell Membrane

    We also have what is known as intracellular organelles which, as per the name, means within the cell. Intracellular organelles include the nucleus, as I discussed previously, is the center of the cell and is the largest organelle and plays the most important biological role. The nucleus of the cell is packaged into what we know as chromosomes. Chromosomes contain DNA and proteins that carry all the genetic information of an organism. The nucleus is also the site for DNA and RNA synthesis. The…

    Words: 817 - Pages: 4
  • Prokaryotic And Eukaryotic Cells

    structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms” (Wikipedia, Cell(Biology), viewed 19th March 2016, Cells can be classified into two major groups- Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells. Prokaryotes are organisms that do not contain a cell nucleus and have no membrane bound organelles. Prokaryotes can be divided into two domains, Archaea and Bacteria. However organisms, whose cells are organized into complex structures by a nucleus, contain internal membranes and a…

    Words: 729 - Pages: 3
  • Medication Errors Case Study Essay

    glyceryl trinitrate spray which dilated and relaxed the arteries, aspirin tablets were also given to slow the blood’s clotting action by reducing the clumping of platelets. Both medical and non-medical treatment options are available for the treatment of unstable angina. Brian has commenced medical treatment with the use of isosorbide monotinitrate, clopidogrel and atenolol, which are discussed below (2C). Non-medical treatment options including giving up tobacco use, changes to his diet and…

    Words: 1024 - Pages: 5
  • Tetrahydrocarbazole Synthesis Lab Report

    to understand better about the interactions of drugs with receptor. (Hughes et al., 2011, Kapetanovic 2008, Meng et al., 2013). The enzyme, namely GlcN-6-P synthase or glucosamine-6-phosphate synthase, is a new target for antimicrobials (Vijesh et al., 2013). It is a protein synthesis inhibitor in bacteria. It binds to a small 16s rRNA of the 30s subunit of the ribosome in bacteria which interferes the binding of formyl–methionyl-tRNA to the 30s subunit. The tetrahydrocarbazoles (Figure 1)…

    Words: 895 - Pages: 4
  • Obesity And Diabetes Case Study

    diabetes. And the article "Could You Cut Your Sugar Intake to 6 Teaspoons a Day" states that excess sugar intake is the major cause of obesity. But this is not true, or sugar cannot take the whole blame. Yes, carbohydrates are a major energy source for the body, overly take sugar might cause obesity and diabetes (high blood glucose). But in terms of the clinical biochemistry research of obesity and diabetes, the genetic causes and insulin resistance are the major reason that caused obesity and…

    Words: 1061 - Pages: 4
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