Osteomyelitis

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    Define the pathological condition, disease or syndrome. Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone. This can be from externally introduced bacteria fungi, parasites and viruses, or from a pathogen introduced via the blood stream from an infection of another body system (McCance and Huether, 2014). The pathogen invades the bone and elicits the inflammatory response (McCance, and Huether, 2014). For bone tissue, this includes engorged vessels, active leukocytes, thrombosis of small blood vessels and formation of an abscess (McCance, and Huether, 2014). For the bones of children, the exudate reaches the cortex and forms the abscess, which in turn lifts the periosteum off the bone (McCance, and Huether, 2014). This interferes with how the blood vessels enter the bone and leads to bone death in the area of infection (McCance, and Huether, 2014). The osteoblast cells will regenerate new bone around the damaged area and encompass the infected site creating an…

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    together. Besides movement the skeleton also provides protection to vital organs such as our brain, our heart, lungs and abdominal organs. Although our skeleton provides us with such protection it is still prone to injury, wear and tear, infections, tumors and other conditions that can damage bone and become life threatening. OSTEOMYELITIS Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone or bone marrow; inflammation due to infection.…

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    Osteomyelitis Anoimalo S. Matagi Alaska Career College Abstract Osteomyelitis affects about two out of every 10,000 people (Cleveland Clinic, 2016). A possible reason as to why two of 10,000 people are affected is their lack of understanding to how to treat and prevent osteomyelitis. For example, those who are not aware of how osteomyelitis and how it effects the bone, as many organisms (most commonly staphylococcus) travel through the blood stream and can cause a bone…

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    Osteomyelitis is an acute or chronic infection of the bone. The infection can be caused by direct penetration or contamination of an open fracture or wound, through the bloodstream (hematogenous spread), extension from a contiguous site, or from skin infections in people with vascular insufficiency. Many types of organisms such as viruses, parasites, fungi, and bacteria can produce osteomyelitis, but infections caused by certain pyogenic bacteria and mycobacteria are those most common. About…

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    Osteomyelitis is an infection of bone, bone marrow, and surrounding tissue. The condition can affect any age group but in different ways. Red bone marrow of long bones is typically targeted in children because yellow bone marrow replaces red bone marrow in adults (Bires, Kerr, & George, 2015). Adults usually are introduced to foreign organisms directly through trauma or surgery. Plain radiography, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), nuclear medicine, and ultrasound all…

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    Case Study Osteomyelitis

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    The surgical area is warm and inflamed. She has an elevated temperature and swollen lymph nodes. She also has an elevated concentration of lymphocytes, as well as subperiosteal abscess in the surgical site. Osteomyelitis is bacterial infection of the bone. In Susan’s case, it is exogenous osteomyelitis, where bacteria invade from outside the body, from a surgical procedure. Symptoms of osteomyelitis include fever, enflamed lymph nodes, and local pain and swelling. 6.) The source of infection…

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    avoided except in cases of chronic/ stage 4 osteomyelitis as surgery can further introduce pathogens to the bones and worsen the infection.12 It is very important to start treatment for osteomyelitis as early and as effective as possible in order to avoid complications such as bone necrosis, weakened bone, systemic infections, and sepsis as a result.12 Further infection of the bone may also occur in untreated osteomyelitis which may lead to a need for amputation of the bone.12 E. Conclusion…

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    Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone. The symptom is pain, swelling, warmth, and redness over infection area. Discharge from the toe would suggest osteomyelitis. However, in order to confirm, a clinical evaluation including medical history and physical examination would be necessary. Examination for infections, body temperature, cardinal signs such as edema, erythema, and increased temperature in the area. However, in order to confirm the Diagnoses of osteomyelitis, further in-depth tests…

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    1. Medical Conditions/Diagnosis: Pa Dx include: Kidney failure, CRF, Diabetes, Edema, Anemia, and HTN. The reported effects includes: severe weakness, swelling and fluid retention in her extremities and in her abdomen. Pa receives ESRD - dialysis 3 days a week. Pa reports that she is no longer on the kidney transplant list due to risk factors associated with age. Pa has an hx of R great toe amputation in 5/5/2005 d/t osteomyelitis. Hx of L little toe amputation in October 2011 d/t…

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    During the clinical setting, there was a patient who was diabetic as well having hypertension. This middle-aged adult had osteomyelitis related to big toe cellulitis. This male client exclaimed that he did not know how a little cut on his skin lead him in the hospital with osteomyelitis on his right big toe. Part of the reason why this client did not know something so small could lead to something so big was because of the importance of client education. Its important for nurses to properly…

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