Middle ear

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    Middle ear infections are caused by bacteria behind the eardrum causing it to become inflamed causing pain in the ear. It’s more common in children than adults for the reason of the Eustachian tube, which is tube that connects from the middle ear to the pharynx, to be shorter in children than adults making the bacteria easier to get to the middle ear. Other causes of getting a middle ear infection is exposure to secondhand smoking, bottle feeding, daycare centers or if your child has a cold or some respiratory infection it can spread to the middle ear. If you want to prevent it you cannot smoke around your child, they would like you to breastfeed your baby for at least six months if not you can bottle feed just make sure you do not lay them flat on their backs. You can also pay attention to their surroundings like not put them into a daycare at a young age since children can be sick and filled with germs. Also wash your hands when you are taking care of them can help. There are two different. The first one is Acute Otitis Media (AOM). With…

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    Middle Ear Case 2A

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    Middle Ear Case 2A A 60 year old female was seen today for an audiological evaluation following the persistence of fluctuating, hearing loss and tinnitus in her right ear over the last year. She also reports occasional dizziness and aural fullness that affects her right ear more than her left ear. She is currently seeking a hearing aid for her right ear but is wondering if anything may be done to correct her hearing loss. Some additional necessary information may be what was she doing when the…

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    As sound waves enter the ear, they travel through the outer ear, the external auditory canal, and strike the eardrum (tympanic membrane) causing it to vibrate. The central part of the eardrum is connected to a small bone of the middle ear called the malleus (hammer). As the malleus vibrates, it transmits the sound vibrations to the other two small bones (incus, stapes) or ossicles of the middle ear, the incus and stapes. As the stapes moves, it pushes a structure called the oval window in and…

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    Middle ear infection Overview: In typical ear infection, the middle ear (located behind the eardrum) gets inflamed and fills with fluid, a condition called otitis media. Most ear infections, short-term, or acute, usually resolves without any intervention, but if you keep popping up are classified as recurrent infections. Recurrent ear infections can lead to a buildup of fluid in the middle ear that tends not to be reabsorbed. In this case we speak of ear infection in the long term or chronic.…

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    Hearing Loss In Australia

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    Those adjustments are covered in lots of services such as banking and insurance services, services provided by government departments, transport or telecommunication services, professional services like those provided by lawyers, doctors or tradespeople, services provided by restaurants, shops or entertainment venues Two main types of Hearing loss • Conductive Hearing Loss It is caused by any condition or disease which stop the sound from getting through the middle ear cavity to the inner…

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    Tympanic Membrane Perforation A tympanic membrane perforation is a hole in your eardrum. The eardrum is a thin sheet of tissue that separates your middle ear from your ear canal. It protects your middle ear from germs that can cause infection. A tympanic membrane perforation can cause ear pain and hearing loss. CAUSES This condition may be caused by: An injury, such as: A blow to the side of the head. A fall onto water or a flat surface. Too much pressure on the eardrum,…

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    smaller ear canals, excessive production of earwax and higher incidences of otitis media, which is the inflammation and infection of the middle ear, causing the buildup of pressure and a disruption in hearing. Glue ear is also a common occurrence, particularly in children with Down syndrome. Glue ear is caused by the ineffective drainage of the middle ear due to the narrow pathway in the eustachian tubes. The additional fluids prevent the ossicles from vibrating effectively, thereby causing…

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    recurrent ear infections to determine if surgical intervention is recommended in the way of pressure equalization tubes, which act as a bypass to the eustachian tube. The pathophysiology of this condition is characterized by some form of intrinsic or extrinsic factor resulting in eustachian tube dysfunction from a classic understanding of the disease. However, some studies point to the initial inflammation occurring in the middle ear and the progressing…

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    Audiology Research Paper

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    Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders), (NIDCD), Meniere’s Disease is a “disorder of the inner ear that causes severe dizziness (vertigo), ringing in the ears (tinnitus), hearing loss, and a feeling of fullness or congestion in the ear that…

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    Acoustic reflexes are contractions of the stapedius muscle in the middle ear. This reflex occurs when a loud sound is presented to the ear causing the tympanic membrane to stiffen and cause a change in immittance (Martin & Clark, 2012). When measuring the acoustic reflex threshold, we are measuring the softest sound that can cause a reflex of the stapedius muscle as well as the duration of time needed for the reflex to decay. The reflex is presented as a deflection, or a curve/dip, on the…

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