Mental retardation

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    During a 1990 census, it was said that about 6.3 million people to 7.5 million people are affected by mental retardation. Charlie Gordon, who is the main character in Flowers for Algernon, was severely affected by mental retardation. In the novel Daniel Keyes, the author, wrote an inspiring story about a man who was born mentally retarded and his journey to become smarter. Throughout his whole life, he had wanted to be smart and he was told multiple times that he would never be able to become an intelligent human being. However, when he was thirty two years old, he had an operation done to make him smarter. Still, his intelligence didn’t last long: his intelligence started to deteriorate and he went back to being his retarded self. Throughout…

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    In 1986, the Supreme Court banned the execution of insane persons in Ford v. Wainwright (477 U.S. 399). However, in 1989, the Court held that executing persons with mental retardation was not a violation of the Eighth Amendment in Penry v. Lynaugh (492 U.S. 584). Mental retardation would instead be a mitigating factor to be considered during sentencing. On June 20, 2002, the Supreme Court issued a landmark ruling ending the execution of those with mental retardation. In Atkins v. Virginia, the…

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    Cri du chat Syndrome Cri du chat syndrome is an uncommon genetic condition that is caused by missing genetic material on chromosome 5. Specifically a part on the small arm (p) of chromosome 5 is absent. The disorder occurs in 1 in 20,000 to 50,000 live births according to the US National Library of Medicine. What causes this to happen is currently unknown. Cri du chat syndrome was first described in 1963 by French geneticist Jérôme Lejeune. He noticed that several of his patients…

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    The New York Times is viewed by the public, so the readers do not have expertise in FXS or the retardation associated with it. The article does not go into specific detail about FXS but gives a general overview of what FXS is and how it affects people who have it. Harris may not have gone in depth about FXS to make the article easier to read for a bigger audience and avoid complexity. Harris’ article is mainly discussing a trial of a drug that helps reduce the behaviors of people with FXS. When…

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    In the case of FAS, the signs and symptoms are birth defects that result from a woman’s use of alcohol during her pregnancy. Among their symptoms, children with FAS may grow less quickly than other children, have facial abnormalities and have problems with their central nervous systems, including mental retardation. In the United States, FAS is one of the leading causes of birth defects and is thought to be the most common cause of preventable mental retardation. Each year between 5,000 and…

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    Formative Observation

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    and 4.7% has an IQ score underneath 72. In any case, this measure does not represent versatile conduct aptitudes. In view of exact examining, Braddock (2013) recommended that exclusive 1.1% of the general public can be accepted to have mental retardation, yet the extent of cases that can be credited to a known cause is evaluated to be just 40% to half (I. Duvdevany et al., 2002). A comprehension of the study of disease transmission of MR of obscure cause may prompt to the distinguishing proof…

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    a congenital syndrome caused by excessive consumption of alcohol by the mother during pregnancy, characterized by retardation of mental development and of physical growth, particularly of the skull and face of the infant. However, people can be effected by their mother’s prenatal alcohol consumption without having Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. Alcohol-related birth defects and alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorders are both factors that contribute to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. Readers might ask…

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    Moore V. Texas Case Study

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    Health and medical institution have defined mental retardation as the brain development disability. It is the intellectual functioning level of a person that is below average and has significant limitations on decision making. Therefore, a person with a mental retardation should not face the same conviction and penalties as normal individuals. The Texas judicial system should apply the clinical practice’s standards when placing the intellectual impairment of the defendant. The United States,…

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    different for each age and would use the result of the test to determined mental age and subtract the mental age from they actually age. The formula would give Binet how far behind a student was and that student would be put into special education. Binet unlike his colleague before him, did not use this way of testing to rank the best student to the worst student. The result were meant to help children get the necessary help that they required, so they can succeed in school, and to set limit for…

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    Nevel, (2010) conducts a case report. The report exclaims, For grown-up persons with Down disorder, more than 25% beyond thirty-five years old will create manifestations of Alzheimer 's sort dementia while in the all-inclusive community Alzheimer-like signs don 't more often than not create before age fifty. Loss of conversational abilities, self-improvement aptitudes, and resolute and uncooperative conduct can be found in persons creating dementia as well as Alzheimer 's. In 1992, the American…

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