Investiture Controversy

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    beyond his years. Troubled by the sinful society in which he lived, Muhammad left the city in order to be alone to reflect on the issues that troubled him. While alone, it is believed that Allah shared messages with Muhammad through Angel Gabriel. Muhammad was instructed to share with others as inspirations and spiritual guidance. Eventually the messages were recorded and titled the Qur’an, “The Holy Book of Islam.” By the eleventh century, the leaders of churches changed the way in which church officials were appointed which came to be known as “lay investiture”. Pope Gregory VII did not agree with this decision. He thought of himself as “God’s vicar on earth”. In 1075 he ordered that church officials could not be appointed by lay leaders. Other Kings and leaders, especially Henry IV had no intention of following Pope Gregory’s command. The disagreement between Pope Gregory and Henry IV was labeled as the “investiture controversy” because it was a “great conflict between the church and state.” The dispute was not resolved until 1122 at which time the “Concordant of Worms” agreement was initiated by the new German King and new Pope. The “first date on the official Islam calendar” known as Hegira is the day that Muhammad and some of his followers went to Medina in 622 for the purpose of persuading Jews to follow his beliefs. His followers were being persecuted by the Jews so this was his attempt to gain more followers in order to stop the harsh treatment of those that…

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    divine leadership. Furthermore, the Christianisation of Europe (which in this case concerns Clovis and King Arthur) explores how secular authorities were converting and joining the church. By contrast, the iconoclasm shows a great conflict between two opposing ideas (between Gregory II and Leo III). Next, the Sunni and the Shia Muslims show a great conflict between one another to succeed as ecclesiastical rulers. Theodosius’ and Gelasius’ primary texts both show specific conflicts between…

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    relationship under this monastery and, as a result, receiving a granted fief from the monastery constituting various manors and castles, overall significant real estate. This bit of information is important for two reasons: it demonstrates the Church’s control over land, acting as its own independent body in its conducting of ownership over its own property; and, in terms of status, the Church acting as the head in this transaction show’s political authority comparable to that of some Noblemen,…

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    to regain the power by ending the lay investiture, but emperor Henry VII was opposed it. When Henry VII conquered Saxony and Thuringia in 1075, he appointed the bishops he desired, in spite papal prohibitions. (Galvan) This precedent caused Henry to depose Gregory VII. Providing that, Gregory VII excommunicated him from the Church: «…I withdraw, through thy power and authority, from Henry the king, son of Henry the emperor, who has risen against thy church with unheard of insolence, the rule…

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    The invasion was the starting point for the reformation of the Church where everything was changed from the building structure of the church to the language used even then there was a little power struggle between the church and the king. In 1103 it was the beginning of the major power struggle between Pope Paschal the second and Henry the first of England. This power struggle was called “investiture controversy” not only was this a power struggle between the King and the church this was also…

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    synod in Rome. “Gregory used these synods to map out the reforms, which participants were then expected to implement in their own regions: the purging of unchaste clergy, the ordination of devout and competent priests, the abolition of the sale of sacred things and offices.” Gregory saw himself as God’s caretaker on earth, ordered to take care and watch over the whole church. He sent out hundreds of letters to rulers and heads of churches in many countries, trying to look out for and protect…

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    The Investiture Conflict or Investiture Controversy began with Henry IV Emperor of Europe and Pope Gregory VII over power. Pope Gregory VII took Henry IV power to appoint religious officials. Henry IV did not agree with this, which caused a further separation from church and state. Henry IV decided to take his allegiance from Pope Gregory VII. They dethroned each other, one from being King and the other from being pope. Neither one felt that the other deserved total power. Henry IV wanted to…

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    George Orwell A Comparative analysis George Orwell’s Animal Farm (1945) and Shooting an Elephant (1938) both share two major characteristic features, namely politics and history. Animal Farm is mainly an allegory of the Russian Revolution which took place in 1917. All of the characters in the story represents the biggest names in the Russian Revolution and the early start of the Soviet Union. The farm itself is also supposed to represent the Russian Federation, which they fight for in the…

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