Dental caries

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    Dental Caries

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    Dental Caries is the most common chronic disease which presents globally in children (Gussy et al., 2006) and is predominantly diet related (Selwitz et al., 2007).Caries initiates as a white spot lesion and if untreated can result in destruction of the crown of the tooth (Ramos et al., 2012). In the last fifteen years, the detection and non-invasive treatment of early carious lesions became a topic of interest in caries research (Ismail et al., 2013). Fluoride is currently proven and in use in the treatment of early carious lesions (Biesbrock et al., 2001;Marinho et al,. 2003), however it is not without its disadvantages. Fluoride is heavily reliant on the availability of phosphate and calcium ions in the saliva to remineralize the tooth structure…

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    Oral and dental health means to prevent your oral cavity and jaws from having a pain. such as periodontal disease, teeth (gums), tooth decay and loss, and other diseases that affect the mouth and gums. Which may lead to some incurable diseases like cancer that affects the mouth and throat, and mouth sores, birth defects, such as cleft lip and cleft upper palate. One of the most Widespread Dental diseases is the Dental cavities (caries) which is a part of the infected teeth decay, which…

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    Dental Caries: The big culprit Dental caries is a dental terminology which can be otherwise called tooth decay. The tooth is the hardest structure is our human body and is made up of organic and inorganic contents It is approximately 45% inorganic material (mainly hydroxyapatite), 33% organic material (mainly collagen) and 22% water. Dental caries is a complex procedure that involves the combined action of bacterial toxins in an acidic environment that causes loss from the tooth structure. The…

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    Dental Caries Prevention

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    The prevention of dental caries is the primary purpose for dental service. “Dental caries is defined as a localized, post-eruptive, pathological process of external origin involving softening of the hard tooth tissue and proceeding to the formation of a cavity” (WHO). The centerpiece for caries prevention since the 1960’s has been the application of sodium fluoride varnish. Typically, a sodium fluoride varnish treatment is conducted twice a year. Studies have shown that children who receive…

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    The literature on smokeless tobacco (ST) use with either increasing or decreasing dental caries incidence was harder to find than that associating tobacco smoking with dental caries. Evidence linking ST use with increased dental caries prevalence had been reported by few reseachers (22,23). In contrast,to a case reported Zitterbart and his colleague, who did not find any evidence of caries in the area of quid placement (23,24). Some researches assessed the total amount of sugar and fluoride…

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    tooth should be brushed using a soft nylon toothbrush until that child is able to fully grasp a toothbrush (Fotek np). This photograph shows an infant’s gums being cleaned with a gauze and hydrogen peroxide (Odontoped-Ata np). Early Childhood Caries can affect the quality of not only the child but the parent’s life. Children can suffer from the pain of dental illnesses and painful dental treatments. These problems can harm a child’s childhood, education, and can even lead to diseases and…

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    Dental Decay Essay

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    among dental professionals that the oral health of a child directly affects their physical health and well-being. Dental decay is an oral epidemic among children in the United States. It is a progressive disease that is not only preventable, but also manageable. For this reason, it is necessary to understand the link between dental caries and low socioeconomic class. As health practitioners, it is imperative to understand a disease that is largely determined by lifestyle choices that parents…

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    Fluoride Varnish Essay

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    Introduction Everyday children are suffering from pain caused by dental caries. This decaying of teeth is the most common chronic illness among children and prevention is vital to their development. Fluoride varnish is a topical 5% sodium fluoride concentration applied to the surface of teeth twice a year in hopes to prevent these cavities. (Moyer, 2014) The purpose of this paper was to determine if fluoride varnish treatments are successful in the prevention of dental caries in children.…

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    Introduction Community water fluoridation is the process of regulated supplementation of fluoride to public water supplies in order to reduce the prevalence of dental caries (1). World Oral Health Report 2003 identified dental caries as a key public health issue in a majority of industrialized countries, where 60-90% of schoolchildren and the majority of adults are affected (2). The World Health Organization recognizes water fluoridation as one of the most cost-effective methods of distributing…

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    evidence, dental caries went from rare to common when our ancestors began to farm.1 This fact will be important as we begin to study the characteristics of Streptococcus mutans that enables them to be the main initiators of dental caries in human subjects. The human mouth contains hundreds of species of bacteria, some improve oral health while some do not. Streptococcus mutans is one of the worst of these bacteria. “Streptococcus mutans [does] have a prominent, well-documented role in caries…

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