Vladimir Lenin's New Economic Policy Analysis
Vladimir Lenin’s economic and social policies. After the revolution in 1917, Lenin led the communist, Bolshevik party that controlled Russia. It will be argued that Lenin’s New Economic Policy (NEP) was an instrumental step in the foundation of totalitarian Russia. It will be shown through the increased economic stability, the introduction of laws to gain further dictatorial control of the economy and decreased political freedoms within the state.
In order to examine how the New Economic Policy was a foundation step towards totalitarian Russia, it is required to understand the pre-existing economic structure within the state. Before the creation of the New Economic Policy, the Russian economy was struggling under War Communism. The War Communism policy was designed to make Russia a communist nation after the revolution in 1917. However, the Party’s plans to go straight to communism were not effective and the policy failed to create a productive, well-regulated economy (Rempel, 2014). The Bolsheviks nationalised banks, factories, mines, workshops and railways and workers were forced to work in factories (BBC, 2014). Peasants had no incentive to work on the land and deeply resented the grain requisitioning policy so food was scarce (Rempel, 2014). Hostility towards the government also grew and high inflation, shortages of goods and social unrest were common (Milner-Gulland & Dejevsky, 1998).
Conceived by Lenin in 1921, due to growing civil unrest and economic failure, the…