The New Economic Policy of 1921 Essay

  • Vladimir Lenin's New Economic Policy Analysis

    Vladimir Lenin’s economic and social policies. After the revolution in 1917, Lenin led the communist, Bolshevik party that controlled Russia. It will be argued that Lenin’s New Economic Policy (NEP) was an instrumental step in the foundation of totalitarian Russia. It will be shown through the increased economic stability, the introduction of laws to gain further dictatorial control of the economy and decreased political freedoms within the state. In order to examine how the New Economic Policy was a foundation step towards totalitarian Russia, it is required to understand the pre-existing economic structure within the state. Before the creation of the New Economic Policy, the Russian economy was struggling under War Communism. The War Communism policy was designed to make Russia a communist nation after the revolution in 1917. However, the Party’s plans to go straight to communism were not effective and the policy failed to create a productive, well-regulated economy (Rempel, 2014). The Bolsheviks nationalised banks, factories, mines, workshops and railways and workers were forced to work in factories (BBC, 2014). Peasants had no incentive to work on the land and deeply resented the grain requisitioning policy so food was scarce (Rempel, 2014). Hostility towards the government also grew and high inflation, shortages of goods and social unrest were common (Milner-Gulland & Dejevsky, 1998). Conceived by Lenin in 1921, due to growing civil unrest and economic failure, the…

    Words: 1138 - Pages: 5
  • Significance Of War Communism

    The significance of War Communism implemented by the Bolshevik Party from 1918-1921 can be measured in a number of different ways such as how it represented an important turning point for the Soviet Union, how it affected many Russian people and their lives, how it led to other important events, the impact it had on industry and the economy and how it had long-term political consequences. Although War Communism was significant for all those reasons mentioned above it was most significant because…

    Words: 1507 - Pages: 7
  • The Red Economy And Bolsheviks During The Russian Civil War

    country. The earlier of the two economic policies - War Communism - was more of a purist’s communism, whereas the later reforms - the New Economic Policy - were a more socialist view on Russia’s economy, which the Bolsheviks were forced to impose due to loss of widespread public support and economic disaster. Both of these economic systems were hugely significant, causing mass starvation, the breakdown of nationwide communications systems and NEPmen - small business owners who greatly benefited…

    Words: 2099 - Pages: 9
  • Impact Of Stalin's Great Terror

    influence future leaders with their policies and actions. However, there has been no greater influence than Vladimir Lenin had on Joseph Stalin’s style of leadership. Lenin’s policies and actions from 1917 to 1924 indirectly caused many of Stalin’s ideas to come to fruition, including his infamous Great Terror movement from 1936 to 1938. The Great Terror is one of Stalin’s most devastating policies of the 1930s, however his idea was not original. Rather, Stalin borrowed from Lenin’s ideas in…

    Words: 1392 - Pages: 6
  • Why Did The United States Involved In World War I

    for military industry, food and weapons, thus strongly promoted economic recovery of the USA. Military orders led to rapid growth of the American industry and construction of the powerful military navy. It is possible to assume that participation of the USA became some kind of preventive measure on attempts of Germany to shake stability in the western hemisphere. The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Germany A. Zimmerman offered Mexico territories of the Texas, New Mexico and Arizona in exchange…

    Words: 2063 - Pages: 9
  • Fall Of The Soviet Union Essay

    Union was founded by the Bolshevik Party in November 1917. Their leader, Vladimir Lenin, established Communist rule after the end of the Civil War in Russia in 1921. The Communist regime’s central beliefs were based on the theories and ideas of Karl Marx. Marx believed in the creation of a classless society where all citizens were equal. The components of communism affected multiple aspects of the nation. Economically, the Soviet Union achieved little to none economic or industrial growth, due…

    Words: 1604 - Pages: 7
  • Historical Condition Of Russia Essay

    the city was close to the rivers. Muscovy’s princesses had cordial relationships with Mongols as they helped in collecting taxes from adjacent territories of Slavs. By 1400’s Muscovy under the ruler ship of Ivan’s III became strong and overthrew the Mongols and brought Slavs territories under his control. He expanded the kingdom which ultimately came to be known as Russia. The reign of Ivans ended in 1600 which leads to country invasion, economic weakening and social tension. Romanov’s Czar…

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  • How Did Russia Change After The Second World War Essay

    introduction of War Communism and the New Economic Policy. For the Bolsheviks the civil war was necessary in order to build up its party power base. Volkogonov says “Threatened by danger, the Bolsheviks resorted to the most repugnant means of saving their state, mass terror against their own people. They kept Lenin’s promise to turn the imperialist war into a civil war” suggesting that the civil war was important in the consolidation of Bolshevik power as without it Lenin and the Bolsheviks…

    Words: 831 - Pages: 4
  • The Seattle General Strike And The Seattle General Strike

    for what they were trying to achieve was thought to be that they were promoting the revolution of the working class in the U.S. At this time, the mayor threatened to call in the troops to stop the strikers, and their motive was unclear. It ultimately led to the end of the strikes. This catastrophe in Seattle, spread the hysteria of the Red Scare throughout the country because of their supposed purpose in beginning the riots. It was said that Seattle was only the first of the U.S cities to revolt…

    Words: 1867 - Pages: 8
  • Impact Of The Progressive Era

    The years from 1901-1921 were known as the Progressive Era. During this time, many reforms and ideas began to take place, restarting America domestically and internationally. When observing this period, it is important to realize the large impact that the accomplishments of the presidents of the era had on their nation and constituents. When ranking the “progressiveness” of these men, Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, and Woodrow Wilson, it is necessary to look at their accomplishments in…

    Words: 2189 - Pages: 9
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