Job Satisfaction Essay

1498 Words Feb 22nd, 2012 6 Pages
Contentment (or lack of it) arising out of interplay of employee's positive and negative feelings toward his or her work.

Job satisfaction has been defined as a pleasurable emotional state resulting from the appraisal of one’s job;[1] an affective reaction to one’s job;[2] and an attitude towards one’s job.[3] Weiss (2002) has argued that job satisfaction is an attitude but points out that researchers should clearly distinguish the objects of cognitive evaluation which are affect (emotion), beliefs and behaviours.[4] This definition suggests that we form attitudes towards our jobs by taking into account our feelings, our beliefs, and our behaviors.

Definition of Job Satisfaction
To begin a discussion on job satisfaction, one might
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These extrinsic factors have also been found to have a significant influence on job satisfaction levels according to Martin and Schinke
(1998).
Theories of Job Satisfaction
There are numerous theories attempting to explain job satisfaction, but three conceptual frameworks seem to be more prominent in the literature. The first is content theory, which suggests that job satisfaction occurs when one’s need for growth and self-actualization are met by the individual’s job. The second conceptual framework is often referred to as process theory, which attempts to explain job satisfaction by looking at how well the job meets one’s expectations and values. The third conceptual group includes situational theories, which proposes that job satisfaction is a product of how well an individual’s personal characteristics interact or mesh with the organizational characteristics. Each of the three theoretical frameworks has been explored and reviewed by countless scholars and researchers, and the purpose of this chapter is not to provide an exhaustive review of job satisfaction theories. Instead, a highlight of the main theories and theorists from each framework will be offered, to provide clarity, relevance and direction to this study of job satisfaction.
Content Theories
When discussing human needs, growth, and self-actualization, one cannot look far before finding Abraham Maslow and his “hierarchy of

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