Evaluation of Myers-Briggs Essay

1907 Words Jan 1st, 2011 8 Pages
Running head: TEST REVIEW AND CRITIQUE

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)

Abstract
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is used extensively by educators, counselors, and other professionals. Based on Jung's theory of psychological types, the psychodynamic model of the MBTI is useful for self-understanding and life-long development. MBTI type descriptions characterize 16 types at their best; provide positive, self-affirming goals; and note blind spots and problems to avoid. The MBTI problem-solving model is a useful tool in the counseling process. Finally, counselors who understand the MBTI find it useful for individualizing counseling approaches and strategies to the type preferences of their clients.

The Myers-Briggs Type
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The MBTI test classifies people into types based on 4 bi-polar dimensions;
Extraversion-Introversion (E-I) Distinguishes a preference for focusing attention on, and drawing energy from, the outer world of people and things versus the inner world of ideas and impressions.
Sensing-INtuition (S-N) Distinguishes a preference for gathering data directly through the senses as facts, details, and precedents (Sensing) versus indirectly as relationships, patterns, and possibilities (INtuition).
Thinking-Feeling (T-F) Distinguishes a preference for deciding via objective, impersonal logic (Thinking) versus subjective, person-centered values (Feeling). Judging-Perceiving (J-P)
Distinguishes an outward preference for having things planned and organized (Judging) versus a flexible style based more on staying open to options than deciding (Perceiving). As a result, there are 16 possible psychological types, often referred to by an abbreviation of four letters, the initial letters of each of their four type preferences (except in the case of iNtuition, which uses N to distinguish it from Introversion). For instance: ESTJ is an abbreviation used in the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator publications to refer to one of the sixteen personality types and refers to Extraversion, Sensing, Thinking, Judging. None of these types is better or worse; however, Briggs and Myers theorized that individuals naturally prefer one

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