Vatican City

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    Essay On Vatican City

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    Vatican or Vatican City is the smallest country in the world. “Holy See” is the city’s nickname that comes from the Latin Sancta Sedes, meaning “Holy Chair.” Vatican City is the capital of itself because it does not have a capital because of its small size, and number of citizens. The official languages in Vatican City are Italian, French and Latin. This country is the headquarters of Roman Catholicism; the Roman Catholic religion. Vatican’s population is about 800 people, but 451 have Vatican citizenship, while the rest have permission to reside there, either temporarily or permanently, without the benefit of citizenship. Also, Vatican’s population and labor force consists mainly of Catholic priests, nuns, guards and dignitaries but about 3,000 other workers enter the area each day. Its government type is considered ecclesiastical and its chief of state is the Catholic Pope,…

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    legitimacy of the entitlement to some ancient artifacts that were taken during circumstances like war. Countries have requested cultural repatriation of their artistic works. Cultural repatriation is the return of cultural relics that have been taken from their homeland. Items from around the world, such as Rome, Scotland, and Africa have faced this difficult situation. Created by Rhodian artist Agessandro, “The Laocoön and His Two Sons” is a Roman adaptation of a 200 BCE Hellenistic work…

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    The Scarlet and the Black is a 1983 film that follows the efforts of Vatican priest, Monsignor O’Flaherty, as he hides Jews and escaped POWs in Germany occupied Rome in 1943 during World War II. Priest O’Flaherty’s main adversary is SS Head of Police for Rome, Lieutenant Colonel Herbert Kappler. Hundreds of Allied POW soldiers are stealing into the city in hopes of finding refuge within the Vatican walls. When Germany entered Rome, the Vatican declared it’s neutrality in the war with the promise…

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    The Pieta and St. Peter’s Piazza Michelangelo’s, Pieta, and Bernini’s, St. Peter’s Piazza, are all commonly associated with the charm and mystique of Rome. One is a sculpture while the other is an architectural building, making them unique in their own way. Not only are they unique, but they also have several similar aspects. The Pieta and St. Peter’s Piazza are both admiral art pieces. Due to amazing art forms like these, millions of people are drawn to Rome yearly. It is truly like an outdoor…

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    The Sistine Chapel is a divine Chapel created during the Renaissance era. The Sistine chapel which was once previously called the Capella Magna is located in Vatican City, Italy. Tourists from all over the world our honored to not only enjoy the Chapel itself but the disperse artwork that surrounds the inside of the Sistine chapel. Pope Sixtus IV hired an assortment of magnificent artists to accompany him in creating one of the most remarkable and breath taking projects. The production of the…

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    The Fourth Lateran Council, as called by Pope Innocent III (1198-1216), was conducted on April 19, 1215. This council is sometimes referred to as the “Great Council” as over nine-hundred abbots and over four-hundred bishops attended the event at the Lateran palace in Rome. Some of these clergy men were “coming from as far afield as the Latin empire of Constantinople and crusader-held territories in the Levant (MP p. 139)” due to the importance of the event. The council, or synod as it sometimes…

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    Cultural Competency in Italy Italy is an 116,348 square mile country located in Europe. The country is mainly mountainous with the climate varying depending on the region. The population of Italy is 61 million with a majority being ethnic Italians. Different cities speak different dialects, but the official language of Italy is Italian. The people take pride in their appearance, family, education, and religion (CultureGram, 2013). Religion Christians mainly dominate Italy with eighty…

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    Mussolini having control of the education system. Mussolini created an organization called the Young Fascist. This organization made Italians between the ages 5-18 participate in a fascist group based on their age and gender (Young). Italians participated in games and activities such as camping to get them introduced to the idea of fascism. It was the last step to prepare people to join the Fascist Party. In 1929, Mussolini and the Catholic Church signed a treaty called the Lateran Treaties to…

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    Pope Francis First Speech

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    The year 2013 witnessed many historical moments, from President Barak Obama negotiating reconciliation between Israel and Turkey to the Amanda Knox trial that entered the hearts of millions of families across the United States (“2013 - the year in review: Timeline of major news stories | Home News | News | The Independent,” n.d.). That year also saw the election of the 266th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church and the first pope from the Americas. When the new Pope stepped out onto the balcony on…

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    This historical study will define the impact of St. Francis of Assisi on Italian cultural identity in the rejuvenation of the Roman Catholic Church in the medieval period. In the late 12th and 13th centuries, St. Francis of Assisi was a religious figure that chose to live a life of poverty and self-sacrifice in the image of Jesus Christ. During this historical period, the Roman Catholic Church had become an ostentatious and well-funded organization that did not embrace the common people of…

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