Effects Of Collective Traumatic Memory In Palestinian Resistance Literature
Collective Traumatic Memory in Palestinian Resistance Poetry
Marian MacCurdy, in the Mind’s Eye, defines trauma “any assault to the body or psyche that is so overwhelming … [it] is an event that that shatters belief systems about life, beliefs that help us operate in the world” (16). The phenomenon of trauma, some argue, is closely related to modernity. Freud believes that the industrial revolution helped crystallize trauma more clearly because the former provided social conditions for possible traumatic situations and symptoms. A person experiencing a traumatic event “will be traumatized depend[ing] on the particular sensitivity of the person” (Kaplan 26). A traumatic event caused by war neurosis, for example, may trigger early traumatic happenings and “how a victim will respond depends on the particular situation, on an individual’s specific psychic history and formation and on the context for the event” (Kaplan 38). Trauma is a special form of memory. It produces emotions and disrupts the normal feeling of comfort. Radstone states that “trauma theorists associate trauma not with the effects of triggered associations but with the ontologically unbearable nature of the event itself” (Kaplan 35).
Similarly, David Becker states that “trauma can only be understood with reference to the specific contexts in which it occurs” (qtd. in Kaplan 39). When someone is studying trauma, they are not only looking at the individual but also at those surrounding the trauma and suffering…