Pahlavi dynasty

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    The Pahlavi dynasty ruled Iran from 1925 until 1979, when the monarchy was overthrown as a result of the Iranian revolution. The Pahlavi dynasty was founded by Reza Shah Pahlavi in 1925, a former Brigadier-General of the Persian Cossack Brigade. The elder Pahlavi reigned until 1941. He was succeeded by his son Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran. Following the Russian Bolshevik Revolution in 1917, the Russians no longer considered Iran as a prized territory. This left the British as the sole Great Power in Iran. In 1919 the Iranian Parliament refused a British offer of military and financial aid that effectively would have made Iran into a protectorate of Britain. The British initially did not want to withdraw from Iran but caved-in to international pressure and removed their advisers by 1921. In that same year British diplomats lent their support to Brigadier Reza Khan. In 1921 Reza Khan took control of all military forces in Iran and in 1925 Reza deposed King Ahmad…

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    Over the course of the years, King Tutankhamen’s (also known as King Tut) death has remained a mystery. Many theories have been put forth, but still, the cause of his death is unknown. Some theories suggest that King Tut was murdered while other theories suggest that his death was an accident or an illness. The top three theories are the theory of Aye, the theory of Horemheb, and the theory of natural death. During the reign of Amenhotep IV (also known as Akhenaton), Egypt was catastrophic. The…

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    American influences in Iran occurred in 1922, during the Pahlavi dynasty (Hayati and Fattahi 317). American experts would spend several years on helping to further establish socio-economic development within Iran, working with the Pahlavi dynasty (317). Education and infrastructure were developing in Iran, as more universities and libraries began to open and serve the…

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    The 1979 Iranian Revolution formed an isolated, fundamentalist state and supported terrorism in the nation. The Safavids and Qajars were the two most important dynasties in Iran. The Safavids dynasty made Shia Islam the official religion and Qajar dynasty gave Muslim the political power. In 1906, the Qajars accepted a constitution, developed a parliament that protected minority rights, but the Shah disapproved. The Shah was the current ruler of Iran under the Pahlavi Dynasty. In 1951, Mohammed…

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    The last Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, had a solid group of supporters and a continuous group of adamant opposition. His opponents were against and hostile toward his actions and policies of attempting to secularize and progress Iran towards modernity. The fundamentalist’s of Iran vehemently disagreed that Iran should have ties to the West. To their dismay, the Shah of Iran strengthen ties to the West and particularly to the United States of America after the 1953 Iranian Coup. The CIA…

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    The Iranian Revolution refers to events involving the overthrow of the Pahlavi dynasty under Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, who was supported by the United States and its eventual replacement with an Islamic republic under the Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the leader of the revolution, supported by various leftist and Islamic organizations and Iranian student movements. Demonstrations against the Shah commenced in October 1977, developing into a campaign of civil resistance that included both…

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    In Persepolis, Marjane’s grandmother explains to her that “dynasties have succeeded each other, but the kings always kept their promises. The Shah kept none ” (27). With this in mind, the Shah’s actions fueled the Islamic revolution and consequently, exile. From a historical aspect, the Shah acted as an authoritarian under his political regime. In politics, authoritarianism occurs when a society’s government has a strong central power with limited freedoms among individuals. Approaching…

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    period, Iranians tried to shift the policies of their government in the benefit of the people. During the Pahlavi period, Iranians achieved a relative modernization and development. However, they still did not have political freedoms and development. For many Iranians, the Islamic Republic was meant to carry the positive aspects of the Pahlavi dynasty while ending its negative aspects such as lack of political freedom. Even though the Islamic…

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    legitimacy; Iranians felt that imperial powers controlled their leaders—which in fact they did. For example, it was the British who helped Reza Khan rise to power just as it was the CIA with Britain’s MI6 that overthrew Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadegh in the 1953 coup, fearing that the “wily Oriental” was a threat to their power. This rising discontent in a modern working class that had grown to half a million strong became increasingly problematic for the Shah in the years leading up to the…

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    The Shah, in response, states in an article that Khomeini has behaved in a licentious manner and has worked in the interest of Great Britain, this sparks revolt and rioting on January 13, 1978. Dissidence and unrest continued through 1978 and in early December upwards total of 9 million people all over Iran march against the Shah and his monarchy (Kurzman, 2004). In an effort to calm the hostilities the then Prime Minister Shapour Bakhtiar urged Mohammad Reza Shah to leave Iran, on January 16,…

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