Natural philosophy

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  • Utilitarianism Analysis

    “The greatest happiness of the greatest number” had been shelved; “public welfare” was completely set aside; people became narrow utilitarian who only saw the "self-interest" part of utilitarianism. On the aspect of consequentialism, utilitarian philosophy advocated to evaluate a certain active from the perspective of result, which was in line with the psychology of rising capitalism-as long as beneficial to profit increase, motivation and means can be neglected. (Zhou, 1991: 64) In addition,…

    Words: 1889 - Pages: 8
  • Candide Reflective Analysis

    of the philosophy and social structures of the time period in Candide. The value of the enlightenment ideas and the contrast between different social classes were super beneficial and allowed me to further develop the true understanding of the text. The novel, written in the time period of the enlightenment, reflects many aspect of the key ideas about philosophy. The Enlightenment movement encourages people to emphasize reasoning and rational thinking instead of theories and philosophies. This…

    Words: 1928 - Pages: 8
  • Epictetus's Enchiridion Is The Way Stricter Than Christianity

    Epictetus is a Greek stoic philosopher who was born as a slave. However, since he got a great chance to study stoic philosophy under Musonius Rufus, he became free from the slave. He later even established a school in Nicopolis in Epirus(Brown). Like Jesus, Epictetus wrote nothing, but his teaching wrote down and published by his disciples in The Enchiridion. Epictetus taught that philosophy is a way of life and not just a theoretical discipline. To Epictetus, all external events are beyond…

    Words: 434 - Pages: 2
  • Immanuel Kant's Analysis

    The moral philosophy of Immanuel Kant is unique; not only for the time it was written, but to this day as well. Unique to modern interpretations of ethics, Kant believed in an objective morality. However, this wasn’t an uncommon belief for the time. What set Kant’s philosophy apart from his predecessors was his belief that morality came from logic and reason as opposed to God’s will. While Kant disagrees with his fellow moral objectivists on where morals come from, it is important to…

    Words: 1074 - Pages: 5
  • Socrates And Plato: The Meaning Of Life

    development of such things as science, philosophy, and religion. Western philosophy started in Greece and spread further to America and Australia. The word philosophy comes from the Greek word philosophia which means “love of wisdom.” philosophy has many different fields, domains, and branches: Aesthetics, Epistemology, ethics, logic, metaphysics, political philosophy, philosophy of language, etc. First things that usually come to our mind when we hear word philosophy are the question “what’s…

    Words: 1384 - Pages: 6
  • Reflection Of Body Without Organs

    Indian Philosophy in Deleuze’s ‘Body without Organs’ I. Introduction – Brian Massumi rightly spells out the Deleuzian philosophy when he calls it ‘self-problematizing’; always confronting the reader with the question of what it is all about, and what to do with it. It challenges the reader to do something with it. It is pragmatic, not dogmatic. Pierre Hadot attributes this distinction between discourse about philosophy and philosophy itself to Stoics: ‘For the Stoics, the parts of…

    Words: 1238 - Pages: 5
  • Candide: Leibniz's Philosophical Theory Of Optimism

    it is juxtaposed with the terrible things that the characters endure. Voltaire is questioning blind adherence to philosophical theories. The Enlightenment is characterized by a variety of advances in the fields of science and philosophy. Primarily, Enlightenment philosophy placed major emphasis on the power of reason and rational thought to create better social and political structures.…

    Words: 1335 - Pages: 6
  • World History And Philosophy

    History and Philosophy: Final Paper INTRODUCTION In the beginning, man had thoughts. He had a view of the world and he had God to walk alongside him and shape his ideas. However, there would come a time where God would no longer come down to speak directly to man and his heart. Looking through history, one can observe that men began to have new and different ideas from what God had originally intended. Man began to try to make sense of the world, of his feelings, and of God. Philosophy was…

    Words: 2527 - Pages: 11
  • Kant's Utilitarianism

    Kant’s **metaphysics** and Mill’s **utilitarianism**, two landmark works of philosophy, are frequently compared and contrasted in the scholarly world, suggesting that the ideas put forth in the works have a place in the modern world. When these works are compared against each other through the scope of today 's (societal) context, one line of thinking tends to be the basis for our modern thought process. Through Kant 's reasoning, one should base their decisions on pure logic and reason, while…

    Words: 1037 - Pages: 5
  • Lucretius And Epicteus's Philosophy Of The Good Life

    Epictetus, a Greek philosopher who followed the idea of Stoicism, believed that one should never desire or seek pleasure whatsoever. Although Epicureanism may sound similar to Epictetus, the founder of this system of philosophy was actually Epicurus, who was Lucretius' role model. His philosophy "proposed that the ultimate goal of human life was happiness, and that the greatest good was to seek modest pleasures in order to attain a…

    Words: 1407 - Pages: 6
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