Naturalism

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    Movement of Its Own: A Case for Naturalism Naturalism’s place within American literature is a debated topic to this day. Some academics believe that realism and naturalism are so closely related that they must be inclusive of the same movement; indeed, these academics argue that naturalism is part of the realism movement. On the other hand, others argue that naturalism has enough distinction from realism that it is deserving of its own movement, and considering the purpose in categorizing a movement is for one to be able to see the approaches an author takes when composing a text or to see commonality between various works, it is more useful to see naturalism as a separate movement than to see it as part of another. Therefore, it is advantageous to define what approaches realist authors, such as William Dean Howells and Kate Chopin, and naturalist authors, such…

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    Sparking the Flames of Naturalism Naturalism brings attention to nature and its influence over man. Jack London’s short story “To Build a Fire” is an excellent example of a Naturalist work. Often focusing on the narration, Naturalism does not give the protagonist much of an identity. This is present in the fact that the man in the story is nameless and represent any kind of man. Throughout the story, the central character battles nature and tries to overcome the extreme cold by trekking miles…

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    The naturalism literary period started in the late 1800s, around 1880, and ended sometime in the 1900s. Émile Zola was a well-known supporter of naturalism and was a novelist. Along with Zola, Jack London also supported naturalism and was a naturalistic writer. The Naturalistic writers studied the actions and responses of human beings, which is known as our instinct. In the short story “To Build a Fire,” Jack London incorporated the beliefs of naturalism, which included the instinct to survive,…

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    The Open Boat is a story written by Stephen Crane that portrays a main focus of naturalism in the lives of man, and how that nature is portrayed as malicious, through the sources A Man Said to the Universe and I Explain the Silvered Passing of the Ship at Night. Stephen Crane’s The Open Boat considers three stages of quotes in which the men are affected by nature itself; the storm, the survivors, and the rescue. To begin, Crane starts his anecdote with a miraculous life threatening storm. Crane…

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    A man travels in the Yukon on a tremendously cold morning with a husky. The cold does not faze the man, even though he is new to Yukon, who plans to meet his friends by six o 'clock at an old claim. The philosophy of naturalism is that matter is the one and only thing to exist. Naturalism also your mind is just a physical phenomenon based on the function of physical and chemical actions. Throughout reading this short story it is very prominent the use of nature is clear. The ways at which…

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    Jack London portrayed Naturalism perfectly in “To Build a Fire”. Naturalism was showed in this story how humans had to constantly worry about nature at every corner and be aware at an any time it could take their life. Jake London used naturalism to show how Nature would not stop for anyone and in a battle verse humans Nature would always be the winner. Along with Naturalism London showed the idea of Darwinism, in the story it was survival of the fittest and making one wrong move could cost the…

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    Naturalism is the byproduct of Realism, which swept the nation around 1865 and lasted until 1910. While it is said to be the byproduct of Realism, the Naturalism movement overlapped the Realism movement, thus creating an unique type of “realistic” fiction. Naturalism brought a wave of new writers such as: Jack London, Edith Wharton, John Steinbeck, and perhaps the most influential Stephen Crane. Stephen Crane is credited with “establishing the foundations of the American Naturalism…

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    Monty Python’s Life of Brian concludes by challenging viewers to “Always look on the bright side of life.” Naturalist writers do precisely the opposite of this obligation. Naturalism a literary genre of extreme realism that suggests a character’s motivations are caused by his or her family, background, social conditions, and environment. This movement began appearing in literature, art, and theater in the late nineteenth century. Generally writers receive heavy criticism for naturalistic…

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    Naturalism in Maggie, A Girl of The Streets The novel Maggie, A Girl of The Streets, by Stephen Crane is an example of a naturalistic novel. Naturalism is portrayed through the setting of the novel with gangs in the city and Rum Alley. Naturalism is also shown through the harsh lives of Jimmie and Mary Johnson. In addition, the death of Maggie in the novel also portrays naturalism. Maggie, A Girl of The Streets by Stephen Crane portrays naturalism as can be seen through the setting of the…

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    Although succinctly summarized by Becker, a more complete working definition for naturalism is additionally outlined by Professor Donna M. Campbell at WSU as, “a type of literature that attempts to apply scientific principles of objectivity and detachment to its study of human beings.” In essence, naturalist literature examines how characters lives are controlled due to heredity and environment; however, even though naturalist writing was an approach to literature used by European authors, it…

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