could indicate the letter was not written by the “said” author or other discrepancies had occurred during the writing of the letter.
Following style and language there are historical anachronisms which lead to questioning a “said” author. For example, if a letter refers to an event that occurred after the author had passed, the authorship will most likely be questioned.
3. Summarize the Jerusalem Council. Explain how Luke and Paul 's version of the event differed.
The Jerusalem Council was the most significant event to take place in the Jesus Movement. The Jerusalem Council sets a precedence which farther down the road will greatly change the future course of the Jesus movement and early christianity. Those who gathered for the Jerusalem Council had no idea the stakes where that high, instead they were trying to settle a growing dispute. Crisis arises over the issue of circumcision. For the Hebrew christians they believed one had to go through the rituals and practices to become a Jew before one became a christian. The hellenistic christians disagreed. The issue discussed at the Jerusalem Council was if a Gentile had to become a Jew first before becoming a follower of Christ.
Luke 's account goes as follows:
Peter stands up first and says that as Jews we shouldn 't burden Gentiles with rituals and practices that “our” own people cannot uphold. Therefore, Peter agrees with Paul and the hellenist christians. Than James the Just stands up and supports Paul as well. They come…
takes place in Jerusalem sometime after Jesus has ascended and the Holy Spirit has descended upon the apostles. The church has been handed over to the apostles (namely Peter). Everyone is trying to figure out this New Covenant. Traditions run deep throughout the culture and are not easily dismissed.…
12:25 Barnabas, Saul, and John Mark returned to Jerusalem. The Church Commissioned Paul and Barnabas
12:25-13:3 God’s Providence
The Gospel’s inclusivity Panel Title: Seriously, Reaching the Ends of the Earth
The Apostles had preached the Gospel to Jerusalem, Judea, and Samaritans. Now, the church, partially through the ministry of Paul, whom Acts provides plenty of evidence, is going to emphatically proclaim the inclusive Gospel to the Gentiles. Beginning with the church’s commission over…
various religious practices with Christianity. The Jews wanted the Gentiles to carry out the traditions of circumcision and the Gentiles were mixing pagan practices with their worship.
The argument between Paul and the first century Christian Jews became so volatile that the Jerusalem council had to render a decision to resolve the issue. The influence that this problem had on Paul’s letter writing is evident in his Epistle to the Romans 2:25-26 (KJV), “For circumcision verily profiteth, if…
The Great Galatian Debate
Galatians 1- On Defense (Paul’s Reason for Writing)
Galatians 2- Real Talk (Holy Conferencing)
Galatians 3- Believe or Be (Faith vs. Good Works)
Galatians 4- Freedom to Live (Slavery vs. Freedom)
Galatians 5- Lifestyle (Fruits of the Spirit)
Galatians 6- Sharing is Caring (Instructions to the Community)
Behind the Scenes
This Study of Paul’s letter to the Galatians uses the style of a presidential political debate to better understand…
Formal education usually began in the synagogue at the age of six years. The Pentateuch [The first five books of the Old Testament] was studied beginning with Leviticus.
THE SANHEDRIN COURT
The second major institution of the Jews was the Sanhedrin court, which was made up of seventy Jewish men and was presided over by the High Priest. Both Pharisees and Sadducees served on the Sanhedrin. This court can only be traced back to about 200 B.C.; yet, it likely had its beginning as the Jerusalem…
The Seljuk Turks were an Islamic tribe in Persia during the early eleventh century that began to expand westward. In 1071 CE, at the Battle of Manzikert, the Byzantine army battled the Seljuk Turks. Romanus IV, the emperor of the Byzantine Empire, was killed and his army obliterated. The Turks expanded their empire into Anatolia, Syria, Jerusalem, and throughout the Holy Land. Turkish zealots prevented Christian pilgrims from visiting Jerusalem and other places Christians…
Nicodemus about knowing and accepting salvation. Jesus goes back to Cana where He meets an official who wants Jesus to heal his son. Jesus tells him to believe and go home that his son is healed. Jesus feeds the 5,000 with five loaves and two fish, and he walks on water and heals a blind man with clay. Jesus says those who see have sin, but those who are blind have no sin. In 7:7, Jesus warns that people do not hate his messengers; they hate His message. Jesus raises Lazarus from the dead. The…
The boundaries of the Promised Land in Joshua showed that a decisive military campaign was envisaged, but the settlement was partial (Wenham 1971:144). The next part of the narrative explained how the conquered land was allocated amongst the twelve tribes of Israel. This was followed by the creation of cities of refuge and the allocation of Levitical cities. Finally, the Book concluded with Joshua’s farewell exhortation to Israel at Shechem.
1. Allocation of the Land (Joshua 13-19)
Prophet Research Form: Zephaniah
1. Political Situation – Evidence exists placing Zephaniah during the time of King Josiah who remained subservient to his Assyrian masters. The constant threat from the Scythians probably caused Josiah to remain attached to the Assyrians. Zephaniah believed these invaders to be the inflictors of YHWH’s punishment. Zephaniah proclaims the idolatry rampant in the temple, therefore, he must be in Jerusalem prior to Josiah’s “discovery” of the scroll.…