Clostridium botulinum

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    Clostridium Botulinum Clostridium Botulinum is a single celled bacteria and has organelles, not bounded by a membrane. They are asexual and reproduce by binary fission. It belongs to Kingdom Bacteria because it has peptidoglycan in its cell wall. It is unicellular and lack nucleus. It is obligate anaerobe as well as have ability to produce by spore so it falls under Phylum Firmicutes. It is classified in class Clostridia and further in order Clostridiales due to its spore forming ability. It is in Genus Clostridium because of being gram positive rod shaped(bacillus). It is originally founded in blood sausage and Latin word for sausage is botulism so is under Species Clostridium. This bacterium requires pH…

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    Clostridium Botulinum is a gram positive, motile bacterium with the ability to produce the neurotoxin botulinum. Clostridium Botulism can cause placcid paralysis, where muscles become limp and cannot contract. Clostridium Botulinum is a potentially fatal micro intoxication, which is a food poisoning microorganism that can cause health problems. Clostridium Botulinum is odor less and taste less and only a small amount needs to be consumed to be fatal. Clostridium Botulinum can be transmitted by…

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    Botulism Research Papers

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    microorganism Clostridium botulinum. Clostridium botulinum is a gram-positive bacterium, bacillus in shape, and is an obligate anaerobe.1 The bacterium can produce endospores, making it resistant to microbial control methods. Clostridium botulinum survives in nonliving reservoirs1 . It is commonly found in soil and large bodies of water. The classification of the bacteria is shown below in table 1. Clostridium botulinum is very harmful to humans in that it can be fatal if it is not treated when…

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    Clostridium botulinum is a gram positive bacteria, spore-forming rod that produces a potent neurotoxin. Clostridium botulinum is prevalent in soil and marine sediments worldwide, most commonly as spores. These spores are found everywhere, but while the spores are generally harmless, the danger can occur once the spores begin to grow out into active bacteria and produce neurotoxins. The spores are heat-resistant and can survive in foods that are incorrectly or minimally processed.. Clostridium…

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    Food Recall Case Study

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    The product is distributed at ambient temperature, has a shelf life of one year, does not require re-heating and has been on sale for one month. Hazard Identification: The bacterium Clostridium botulinum could grow during product distribution and storage. Cl. botulinum causes botulism, a condition where a person, who eats food where Cl. botulinum has grown and produced toxin, can die. Exposure Assessment: The product conditions and shelf life are suitable for Cl. botulinum to grow and produce…

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    Botulism Research Paper

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    Bio II Bacteria Paper: Clostridium Botulinum Clostridium botulinum is a Gram-positive, anaerobic, spore-forming bacterium that causes the illness, in humans known as botulism (Smith and Sugiyama, 1988). It produces a potent neurotoxin called botulinum toxin that causes botulism or foodborne botulism. The spores are heat resistant and can survive in foods that are incorrectly or poorly processed (FDA). There are seven recognized types of botulism (A-G) but only A, B, E, and F cause human…

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    Botox-A Synthesis

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    Cosmetic Use of Botulinum Toxin Type A Introduction Botulinum toxin was first identified as a cause of food poisoning over 100 years ago (Carruthers and Carruthers, 2009). Since then, there has been an identification of seven different serotypes labeled A-G; all produced by different strains of the bacteria Clostridium botulinum (Hurkadle et al., 2012). Botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) is the main and most well-studied serotype that is used in cosmetic (Hurkadle et al., 2012). The BTX-A can be…

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    can 't dissociated the difference between migraines and tension headaches. Migraines tend to interfere with the nervous system affected the site, causing regurgitation and nausea. Tension headaches usually don 't associate with that type of interference. Not saying tension headaches are less harmful but episodic tension headaches can lead to migraines. Adding information, Botox has been around over 14 years approved by the FDA since 2002. Botox is not only for beauty but it has been a solution…

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    this my mother never faltered and always pushed forward trying to find the answer. We next pursued the muscular headache route. This involved trigger point injections which were many injections into the back of my head that numbed the nerves. These shots burned with a severity that I had never felt before but only for a short period of time. They relieved the back headache for only about a week after the treatment, so they decided it was ineffective for long term use and stopped that route.…

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     What is botox Botulinum neurotoxin is produced naturally by Clostridium botulinum, a gram positive spore forming bacteria. It has eight different serotypes named Type A, B, C1, C2, D, E, F and G. Botulinum toxin type A is the most powerful and longest acting of all and used widely for therapeutic purpose. It consists of two polypeptide chains : a heavy chain and a light chain linked together by a disulphide bond. It is synthesized in an inactive single peptide chain with a molecular mass of…

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