Clostridium Botulinum is a single celled bacteria and has organelles, not bounded by a membrane. They are asexual and reproduce by binary fission. It belongs to Kingdom Bacteria because it has peptidoglycan in its cell wall. It is unicellular and lack nucleus. It is obligate anaerobe as well as have ability to produce by spore so it falls under Phylum Firmicutes. It is classified in class Clostridia and further in order Clostridiales due to its spore forming ability. It is in Genus Clostridium because of being gram positive rod shaped(bacillus). It is originally founded in blood sausage and Latin word for sausage is botulism so is under Species Clostridium. This bacterium requires pH…
Clostridium Botulinum is a gram positive, motile bacterium with the ability to produce the neurotoxin botulinum. Clostridium Botulism can cause placcid paralysis, where muscles become limp and cannot contract. Clostridium Botulinum is a potentially fatal micro intoxication, which is a food poisoning microorganism that can cause health problems. Clostridium Botulinum is odor less and taste less and only a small amount needs to be consumed to be fatal.
Clostridium Botulinum can be transmitted by…
The product is distributed at ambient temperature, has a shelf life of one year, does not require re-heating and has been on sale for one month.
Hazard Identification: The bacterium Clostridium botulinum could grow during product distribution and storage. Cl. botulinum causes botulism, a condition where a person, who eats food where Cl. botulinum has grown and produced toxin, can die.
Exposure Assessment: The product conditions and shelf life are suitable for Cl. botulinum to grow and produce…
microorganism Clostridium botulinum. Clostridium botulinum is a gram-positive bacterium, bacillus in shape, and is an obligate anaerobe.1 The bacterium can produce endospores, making it resistant to microbial control methods. Clostridium botulinum survives in nonliving reservoirs1 . It is commonly found in soil and large bodies of water. The classification of the bacteria is shown below in table 1.
Clostridium botulinum is very harmful to humans in that it can be fatal if it is not treated when…
Clostridium botulinum is a gram positive bacteria, spore-forming rod that produces a potent neurotoxin. Clostridium botulinum is prevalent in soil and marine sediments worldwide, most commonly as spores. These spores are found everywhere, but while the spores are generally harmless, the danger can occur once the spores begin to grow out into active bacteria and produce neurotoxins. The spores are heat-resistant and can survive in foods that are incorrectly or minimally processed.. Clostridium…
News has come in today that we are on the verge of a Botulism epidemic. Botulism is a very serious illness that can result in death if not treated properly or quick enough. It is cause by a soil dwelling bacterium call Clostridium botulinum. This bacterium, while normally killed during the process of cooking, can grow spores (WHO, 1999). Spores are formed when the bacteria are inhabiting an undesirable place. The bacteria typically grow comfortably in temperatures between 35-37 degrees Celsius,…
Bio II Bacteria Paper: Clostridium Botulinum
Clostridium botulinum is a Gram-positive, anaerobic, spore-forming bacterium that causes the illness, in humans known as botulism (Smith and Sugiyama, 1988). It produces a potent neurotoxin called botulinum toxin that causes botulism or foodborne botulism. The spores are heat resistant and can survive in foods that are incorrectly or poorly processed (FDA). There are seven recognized types of botulism (A-G) but only A, B, E, and F cause human…
Cosmetic Use of Botulinum Toxin Type A
Botulinum toxin was first identified as a cause of food poisoning over 100 years ago (Carruthers and Carruthers, 2009). Since then, there has been an identification of seven different serotypes labeled A-G; all produced by different strains of the bacteria Clostridium botulinum (Hurkadle et al., 2012). Botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) is the main and most well-studied serotype that is used in cosmetic (Hurkadle et al., 2012). The BTX-A can be…
can 't dissociated the difference between migraines and tension headaches. Migraines tend to interfere with the nervous system affected the site, causing regurgitation and nausea. Tension headaches usually don 't associate with that type of interference. Not saying tension headaches are less harmful but episodic tension headaches can lead to migraines.
Adding information, Botox has been around over 14 years approved by the FDA since 2002. Botox is not only for beauty but it has been a solution…