Botulism

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    Botulism Research Paper

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    botulinum is a Gram-positive, anaerobic, spore-forming bacterium that causes the illness, in humans known as botulism (Smith and Sugiyama, 1988). It produces a potent neurotoxin called botulinum toxin that causes botulism or foodborne botulism. The spores are heat resistant and can survive in foods that are incorrectly or poorly processed (FDA). There are seven recognized types of botulism (A-G) but only A, B, E, and F cause human botulism (FDA). The first case of foodborne botulism was in Ellezellesin, Belgium in December 14, 1895. Thirty-four musicians had a meal at a local inn and all consumed a ham that had been infected by Clostridium Botulinum. Following the meal, the musicians…

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    be removed. The hot jars are then placed on the counter to fully cool down. Even though processing may take only 20 minutes with a pressure canner, the wait to start another batch can be over an hour, due to waiting for the lid to release. Water bathing can only be used for acidic foods, where as pressure canning can be used for any type of food. A water bath method only heats to boiling and if a food item is not acidic enough, botulism spores can survive. Thus, fruits and tomatoes are…

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    Pruno Research Paper

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    County fell seriously ill. Their symptoms included dry mouth, blurred vision, trouble breathing, nausea, and paralysis. From symptoms and specimens, medical staff diagnosed them with food-borne botulism, a rare but potentially life-threatening, paralytic illness that is a public health emergency because it originates from contaminated food that hundreds of people might have consumes. An investigation by Salt Lake Valley Heath Department, the Utah Department of Health, and the CDC identified…

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    Clostridium Botulinum Clostridium Botulinum is a single celled bacteria and has organelles, not bounded by a membrane. They are asexual and reproduce by binary fission. It belongs to Kingdom Bacteria because it has peptidoglycan in its cell wall. It is unicellular and lack nucleus. It is obligate anaerobe as well as have ability to produce by spore so it falls under Phylum Firmicutes. It is classified in class Clostridia and further in order Clostridiales due to its spore forming ability. It is…

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    Botox-A Synthesis

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    Cosmetic Use of Botulinum Toxin Type A Introduction Botulinum toxin was first identified as a cause of food poisoning over 100 years ago (Carruthers and Carruthers, 2009). Since then, there has been an identification of seven different serotypes labeled A-G; all produced by different strains of the bacteria Clostridium botulinum (Hurkadle et al., 2012). Botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) is the main and most well-studied serotype that is used in cosmetic (Hurkadle et al., 2012). The BTX-A can be…

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    Clostridium Botulism

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    protective membrane and the hard coating help protect the dormant of the bacterium for years. C. botulinum is responsible for a disease called botulism. Botulism is a rare but serious illness which occurs in the soil. It produces a toxin that affects your nerves. Foodborne botulism comes from eating foods contaminated with the toxin. This neurotoxin is among the most toxic substance known, even the smallest…

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    I still remember the day when I called my Aunt to inquire about my Cousin Sanjay. My Aunt replied that they had taken him to an Exorcist in Majitha, a village in the outskirts of Amritsar. Why? Because he was possessed by evil spirits. Sanjay had that what I believe to have a seizure. That made me bewildered. What does a seizure has to do with holy man. I was in the first year of medical school and this incident triggered my interest in Medicine and Neurology in particular. The field of…

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     What is botox Botulinum neurotoxin is produced naturally by Clostridium botulinum, a gram positive spore forming bacteria. It has eight different serotypes named Type A, B, C1, C2, D, E, F and G. Botulinum toxin type A is the most powerful and longest acting of all and used widely for therapeutic purpose. It consists of two polypeptide chains : a heavy chain and a light chain linked together by a disulphide bond. It is synthesized in an inactive single peptide chain with a molecular mass of…

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    As we get older people become responsible, as adults we are responsible for several things. Through time we probably have many responsibilities that we stress over and we might develop major health issues. Two of the most common chronic headaches in the world are tension and migraine headaches. These headaches are mostly common in adults could start at any age but it 's mostly common in the ages of 20’s-40’s. In the US 12% percent of Americans suffer from headaches like tension and migraine…

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    The medicine stung as it went in and because of the saline it was mixed with, I felt an unsettling cold as it shot through my arm. Somehow, it caused me to taste a strange metallic and salty taste in the back of my mouth and made me uncomfortable for no reason. There is no way to explain it other than a feeling of uneasiness that was resolved by nothing. The treatment for migraines is painful and scary. No one could have predicted the severity of the struggle I began with migraines when I was…

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