Bowel obstruction

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    Small Bowel Obstruction

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    intestinal obstruction is the most commonly found surgical problem of the small intestine. Generally patients with small bowel obstruction present with variable clinical symptoms and sign such as pain in abdomen , vomiting, constipation, abdominal distension and tenderness [4,7]. Intraabdominal adhesions associated to previous abdominal surgery is the commonest cause of mechanical small bowel obstruction. Other causes are hernias, neoplasms, malrotation , tuberculosis and inflammatory bowel diseases. Conversely, in patients without abdominal surgery history, it is tough to diagnose and manage. Early and exact diagnosis of intestinal obstruction and its causes are essential and proper treatment is of greatest significance…

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    Diverticulitis Case Study

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    Etiology & Incidence: In the US, the third most common gastrointestinal illness requiring hospitalization and the leading indication for elective colon resection is diverticulitis. Of the people who have diverticulosis, 4-15% of the patients will develop diverticulitis, and increasing with age. An older belief was diverticulitis was caused by an obstruction of the diverticula (fecaliths), current belief is it is related to pressure or inspissated particles in the lumen. Other things believed to…

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    My hands were retracting away long segments of bowel with a blue cloth inside of the body cavity while the surgeon dissected through healthy tissue to reach underlying structures. My hands feel the patient’s blood pressure bounding against the vessels that have delivered oxygen and nutrients to his vital organs for 19 short years. My hands reach for the tubes that the surgeon will use to canalize the aorta. Foresight is important in surgery, so I am prepared for the next step with him. The…

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    Weaver, PA-S Bethel University History of Present Illness On 8/3/2015 a 45 year old African American male presented to the ER with a chief compliant of diffuse abdominal pain and trouble having a bowel movement. The patient stated that he was experiencing rectal pain with bloody stools. He also complained of feeling his bowels pulling. The patient stated that he has lost roughly 40 pounds in the past month without trying to lose weight. He stated that this has been going on for 2 months…

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    Acute Appendectomy

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    appendicitis has been for the patient to undergo either an open or laparoscopic appendectomy.1 Recently, there has been increased interest and research to see if antibiotics can be an efficacious alternative to an appendectomy in cases of uncomplicated appendicitis though. Without treatment, the appendix can perforate leading to peritonitis, sepsis, and even patient death. Rupture occurs in approximately 27% of cases, therefore it is crucial appendicitis be treated quickly and…

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    developed nausea and vomiting. The patient ultimately went into atrial fibrillation. An electrocardiogram was done and resulted in atrial fibrillation with fast ventricular response and a left bundle branch block. Once this was treated and under control the patient went for an echocardiogram and the results from this were: left ventricle ejection fraction of 62%, left ventricular hypertrophy, mitral valve calcification/thickening, and a pericardial effusion. When the stomach CT was read in the…

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    The 44-year-old obese female is admitted to the emergency room with fever, severe abdominal pain on the upper right side that radiates to the scapula and nausea. I believe this patient is experiencing acute cholecystitis, gallbladder attack. The signs and symptoms of acute cholecystitis includes: intense or sudden pain in the upper right part of the stomach, worsening pain with deep breathing extending to the lower part of the right shoulder blade, shortness of breath due to pain, nausea and…

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    Pathophysiology: Small Bowel Obstruction The effect of small bowel obstruction is connected to its start and location. The start, location, and length of the intestinal tract nearest to the obstruction and the existence and severity of ischemia. The cause of small bowel obstruction include hernias, adhesions within the abdomen and tumors. The lumen near the obstruction fills with a massive amount of fluid and gas. The obstruction keeps water and electrolytes from properly absorbing. As a…

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    Bowel Cancer Essay

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    Understanding of the subjective illness experience of bowel cancer (also known as colorectal cancer) is crucial in managing the illness and coping with patients (Johansson, Axelsson, Berndtsson& Brink, 2014). The subjective experience of illness is largely shaped by the social understanding of cancer, economic burdens and relationship between family members. It various among patients and their family members. My grandma was diagnosed with stage III (curable) bowel cancer 13 years ago at the age…

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    chronic inflammatory bowel disease that affects the intestines causing swelling and irritation. Most commonly it affects the small intestines and beginning of the large intestine, but can affect any portion of the gastrointestinal tract from the mouth to the anus. Crohn’s can affect men and women of all ages, but is likely to affect people between the ages of 20-29. “Currently about 1.5 million people suffer from Crohn’s Disease in the United States” (Benson), and with no known causes of the…

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