# The Gap Between Blacks and Whites Test Scores Essay

463 Words 2 Pages
The Gap Between Blacks and Whites Test Scores

The “gap” as referred to in the title, is the distribution of the scores on achievement tests that differ between black and white students in the United States. The purpose of this study was to record the degree of the gap in achievement scores, decide how much of the racial gap is due to social-class, how the gap differed in the 30-year period, and how that which is credited to the social-class has changed over the years. Differences in social-class, family structure, and discrimination against blacks as a disgraced group are all proposed causes for the black-white gap in test scores. If the gap is caused by a difference in social-class or family structure, then when the
Answer: The authors compared the degree of the gaps before and after they adjusted for social-class. 3. How have the gaps changed over time? Answer: The authors calculated the gaps from data in cross sections over a 30-year period and studied the trend over time. 4. Is the portion of each gap that is independent of social-class changing over time? Answer: Yes, the authors contrasted the rate of change over time in the social-class-adjusted gaps. These surveys give convincing evidence that the gaps have decreased over time, but are still widely spread. The authors conclude that it would take over 50 years to close the gap in reading achievement scores and over a century to close the gap in mathematics and science achievement scores. The adjusted gaps for social-class, family structure, and community variables were closing from 1965-1992. At this rate of change over the entire period, they would close in the same amount of time as the unadjusted gaps. The rate of change for the unadjusted gaps seem to have reversed after 1972. These results do not give a lot of support to the theory that the gaps in average test scores are caused by the differences in social-class and family structure. Thus, it supports the theory that the gaps in test scores are an outcome of other factors, such as discrimination.

## Related Documents

• ###### Problems with SAT Essay example

Problems with the SAT Nowadays, colleges and universities have been using the SAT to select their students who apply to them. According to College Board, the SAT is a test that measures students' abilities which they will use to be able to do well in universities or colleges. In addition, the SAT shows how well the students solve the problems and how well the education they have gotten. The SAT consists of ten sections which consist of one 25-minute essay section, two 25-minute and one 20-minute…

Words: 1457 - Pages: 6
• ###### How Universities Are Manipulating Requirements For Entry Will Make A Financial Burden On Minorities?

colleges are appealing to minorities is through test scores. Achieving an excellent score on the ACT or SAT does make someone a more appealing student, however, test scores make minorities less appealing. According to Scott Jaschik, winner of the online Journalism award and founder of InsideHigherEd.com, SAT scores have decreased for hispanics and blacks more than any other race. In 2015, white SAT scores have lowered by six points since 2006, while blacks went down 14 points, and hispanics went down…

Words: 1667 - Pages:
• ###### Wade Boykin And Pedro Noguer An American Psychology Professor Of Education At New York University

Boykin, A. Wade, and Pedro Noguera. Creating the Opportunity to Learn Moving from Research to Practice to Close the Achievement Gap. Alexandria, Va.: ASCD, 2011. 231. Print. In Creating the Opportunity to Learn, Wade Boykin and Pedro Noguera help illustrate the unfortunate reality of the achievement gap.Alfred Wade Boykin is an American psychology professor known for his work in the field of education. He is currently member of the faculty of Howard University. Pedro Noguera is the Peter L. Agnew…

Words: 1226 - Pages:
• ###### Achievement Gaps Essay

Achievement Gaps Reading, writing and the ability to solve simple mathematical problems are a part of the necessary tools needed to survive in America. Consequently, such learning tools are used numerous times throughout the day without recognition. However, reading, writing and basic knowledge of mathematical problems are not equally achieved by all social groups. It is clear that education plays a major role in the future of an individual, yet there are achievement gaps between Black, White and Hispanic…

Words: 1006 - Pages: 5
• ###### Essay The Disparity Between Black And White Students

The disparity in the achievement between Black and White students is hardly new. Indeed, “closing the Black-White achievement gap would do more to promote equality in the United States than any other strategy presently under discussion” (Jencks & Phillips, 1998. p. 1). This problem, generally referred to as the achievement gap, is a problem that still exists more than 60 years after Brown v. the Board of Education (1954) rendered the separate but equal law illegal and mandated that schools across…

Words: 1337 - Pages:
• ###### Essay The Achievement Gap Between White And Minority Students

The achievement gap between white and minority students stemmed from segregated schools in the 1950’s. When desegregation happened the black students who attended the same schools at the white students still were not learning at the same pace. Their education was not taken as seriously by the teachers. The gap is growing at an intense pace. All over the United States white students are towering over minority students in the education system. There has been many attempts and different tactical strategies…

Words: 1298 - Pages: 6
• ###### Essay Education Is The Great Equalizer And It Has Been Proven

in 1974 studied reading scores of students in mostly black, Puerto-Rican, and all-white schools, finding the minority student scores to be consistently lower, especially in summer. In 1975, Murnane found that white New Haven elementary school students had higher levels of achievement than black students. Through reviewing Klibanoff and Haggart’s work, Barbara Heyns found the gap in reading achievement between minority and white students increased from 22 to 26 points between spring and fall. She found…

Words: 1850 - Pages: 8
• ###### Students Should NOT be Judged based on SAT Scores Essay

Standardized tests like the SAT and ACT are on everyone ‘s minds as the November 1st early admission deadline approaches. As a high school senior I know that it is a very stressful time. The competition is intense, we are not only competing with people from our school for a slot in a college class, but we are competing against students across the nation. The competition is between people from every background imaginable; public schools, private schools, AP, honors, and academic classes, wealthy…

Words: 1966 - Pages: 8
• ###### The Relationship Between Black And White Students Based On Test Scores

The first article analyzes the relationship between black and white students based on test scores. This study only included blacks, whites, and non-Hispanic students. The article begins with a history lesson. It talks about significant Supreme Court cases that helped change the segregation in schools. From there, the No Child Left Behind law is introduced. The introduction touches on accountability as it’s major focus and the regulations regarding schools and how to attend or move schools.…

Words: 762 - Pages: 4
• ###### Essay The Facts About The Achievement Gap

In today’s society, the achievement gap continues to exist. Author Diane Ravitch, wrote “The Facts about the Achievement Gap”, an excerpt from her book Reign of Error: The Hoax of the Privatization Movement and the Danger to America’s Public Schools, published in 2013. Ravitch’s purpose is to convey the idea that closing the achievement gap doesn’t solely rely upon the schooling system. She explains how her argument stems from our unwillingness to improve the conditions of communities and…

Words: 1238 - Pages: