Personal Reflection Paper: Almeida

2026 Words 9 Pages
Summary of Readings
Almeida et al. In their book, Almeida, Dolan-Del, & Parker (2008) describe the idea of critical consciousness and how it brings “sociopolitical context” to daily life. “A client who develops critical consciousness may learn that her depression is not exclusively a medical illness driven by organic factors she cannot change” (Almeida et al., 2008, p. 22). This was in the beginning of the chapter and began to explain the difference between a therapy model versus the strictly medical model. This chapter highlighted elements of critical consciousness and how it plays into therapy, which I found to be very enlightening to begin the development of discovering my social context. The concept of critical consciousness
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This and all of the above in chapter two have shown clinicians how they can learn to develop their own critical consciousness going into sessions and how they can guide their clients toward developing a personal critical consciousness relevant to their situation.
The first two chapters of Beverly Tatum, Ph.D.’s book explore the definition of terms associated with identity and racism in society. It was shocking to read about how in the early years of her teaching students believed racism no longer existed. Racism is ever-present and it is important to remember this as a budding clinician. “…A White feminist scholar identified a long list of societal privileges that she received simply because she was White. She did not ask for them, and it is important to note that she hadn’t always noticed that she was receiving them” (Tatum, 2003, p. 8). This is important to understanding social context because the idea of White privilege continues to thrive even under the noses of those who are receiving such privilege.
In the rest of the two chapters, Tatum continues to define racism as “prejudice plus power,” and also begins to define the concept of identity. Who we are as individuals is complexly defined by what our social context was growing up and begs many questions. Did I speak the majority language? Was I a member of the majority racial/ethnic group? This and many other questions help clinicians and their clients uncover the individual social

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