Reaction rate

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    chemical reaction occurs and the amount of reactant or product remaining after a specific period of time. Kinetics is important in analyzing the rates of certain species and reactions, and is a crucial technique to predict different reactions. Kinetics is a very broad topic, thus the experiment focused only on the derivation of empirical rate laws and their corresponding rate constants. The rate of a specific reaction can be expressed with an experimentally-determined, or empirical, rate law in…

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    Collision Theory Paper

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    required for a chemical reaction to come to completion can vary tremendously depending on the reaction (Addison-Wesley, 2002). The speed at which any reaction proceeds can be defined as a reaction rate (J. Laidler, 2015). The rate of reaction can only be obtained experimentally, in order to yield a rate law. By conducting this experiment, it has the potential to harvest useful information regarding the understanding of rates of reaction. Understanding the rate of reactions is key in not just in…

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    crystal chemistry of quartz, α-FePO4 and β-FePO4 To compare quartz, α-FePO4 and β-FePO4, it is essential to look at their crystal structures and crystal chemistry. This can be done by observing their three-dimensional structures as well as their reactions to various degrees of temperature. This particular research takes a look at the structure of FePO4 between temperatures of 294K to 1073K. At lower temperatures, FePO4 takes on its α-phase structure, which is tetrahedral. α-FePO4 then gradually…

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    the rate of the reaction. To do this, you should complete the following table: Experiment [tBuCl]0 (M) [OH-]0 (M) Time (s) Reaction rate (M/s) Rate constant (s-1) 1 0.03 0.003 65 4.89 · 10-5 1.62 · 10-3 2 0.03 0.006 213 3.15 · 10-5 1.05 · 10-3 3 0.03 0.009 362 2.96 · 10-5 9.85 · 10-4 What is the dependence of [OH-] on the rate law? The effect of the increased or decreased [OH-] on the rate law is very minimal. As the concentration of OH- is increasing, the rate of…

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    General Chemistry 2 Laboratory Experiment “The Rate Law of an Iodine Clock Reaction” Objectives: To apply method of initial rates for investigation of influence of concentrations of reactants on the rate of the reaction. Determine the rate law of a particular reaction experimentally. Observe the effect of catalyst on the reaction rate. Examine the influence of temperature on the rate of this reaction. Calculate activation energy for the reaction from rate constants at two different…

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    Question How does the change in hydrochloric acid concentration affect the rate of reaction between sodium thiosulfate (Na2S2O3(aq)) and hydrochloric acid (HCL(aq))? Background to the Research question Collision Theory Back in 1916, scientists William Lewis and Max Trautz proposed the collision theory, which qualitatively explains how chemical reactions take place and why reaction rates change for various reactions. Chemical reactions involve collisions amongst reactant particles or atoms to…

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    Equilibrium Reaction Lab

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    equilibrium constant of the reaction between Fe3+ ions and SCN2+ ions. In solutions one to five (the reference solutions), a large volume of concentrated Fe3+ ions was used in order to react with and convert all of the SCN2+ ions into FeSCN2+ ions. In solutions six to ten (the test solutions), a constant volume of Fe3+--in lesser concentration--and varying volumes of SCN2+ ions were diluted with DI water and reacted to produce an unknown amount of FeSCN2+ ions in an equilibrium reaction. The…

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    Symmetry Writing Exercise Paragraph 1 The research paper written by J. Haines, O. Cambon and S. Hull aims to understand how Iron III phosphate (FEPO4) behaves under high temperatures and at which temperature would we start to observe structural transition of Iron III phosphate. As found by the researchers, the temperature where one is able to witness a structural change of Iron III phosphate, a transition from α-β would be at the temperature of 980K. As the researchers have highlighted, there…

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    Chemical thermodynamics is the study of the interrelation of heat and work with chemical reactions or with physical changes of state within the confines of the laws of thermodynamics. It involves not only laboratory measurements of various thermodynamic properties, but also the application of mathematical methods to the study of chemical questions and the spontaneity of processes. The structure of chemical thermodynamics is based on the first two laws of thermodynamics. Starting from the first…

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    7.59 From the stress–strain data for poly(methyl methacrylate) shown in Figure 7.24, determine the modulus of elasticity and tensile strength at room temperature [20°C (68°F)], and compare these values with those given in Tables 7.1 and 7.2. Solution From Figure 7.24, the elastic modulus is the slope in the elastic linear region of the 20C curve, which is The value range cited in Table 7.1 is 2.24 to 3.24 GPa (325,000 to 470,000 psi). Thus, the plotted value is a little on the…

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