Mary Ainsworth

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  • Comparison Of John Bowlby's Theory And Mary Ainsworth

    Bowlby’s Theory and Mary Ainsworth John Bowlby is a psychoanalyst who was interested in how mental health or behavioural problems came to be, he attributed this to a person’s early childhood experience, and how they were raised. John Bowlby invented 4 names for different parenting methods, and explained how he believed these parents acted and how this affected the said child in later adulthood. Mary Ainsworth was a student of Bowlby who agreed with his views and developed a very praised and used procedure to discover the attachment style of the child, she called this her “strange situation” test, this test puts an infant in a room and records her reaction with their parent in the room, leaving the room, strangers coming in… They then analyse…

    Words: 1043 - Pages: 5
  • Attachment And Attachment Theory

    This essay focuses on the comparison in infant sleeping arrangements among different culture. Moreover, further discussion of attachment theory in which mainly focusing on Ainsworth (1979) research findings and a hypothesis on relationships between maternal behavior and infant behavior with its effect on various sleeping arrangements. Attachment theory was initially developed by British psychologist John Bowlby, by using various ethological theories and later, Mary Ainsworth who was an…

    Words: 1371 - Pages: 6
  • Sigmund Freud And John Bowlby's Attachment Theory

    (Harris, 1998). Bowlby states that multiple attachments are harmful to children however, children are able to have attachments to other people and live a healthy crime free life. (Field, 1996, p. 544). Additionally, children can form primary attachments to others than their mothers and attachments can occur outside of the critical period as many people form attachments during adolescence. To support this, a study conducted by Hodges & Tizard (1989) illustrated that children could form…

    Words: 993 - Pages: 4
  • John Bowlby's Theory Of Attachment Essay

    when growing up to become an adults. For example if a child is crying, hungry or scared and the parent or Carer responds by meeting the child's needs or offer reassure and comfort, these help them build better relation with others, have self confidence and grow to be a happy person. However if a child does not form positive attachment with parents or caregiver it could have a negative impact on the child. Insecure attachment has been shown to negatively affect the child’s growth and…

    Words: 783 - Pages: 4
  • Importance Of Attachment In Early Life

    psychologist Mary D. Salter Ainsworth created the "strange-situation test" to study the attachment behaviours in humans. This test was carried out using a one-way mirror in a laboratory (Psychological Science Michael Gazzaniga Page 370). An infant who feels secure enough in a strange environment to proceed with social interactions as long as the caregiver is present in times of discomfort and distress would be described as infants with a "secure attachment". This applies to approximately to…

    Words: 1089 - Pages: 5
  • Strange Situation

    Review of the Strange Situation When we form a strong emotional tie with the people in our lives which leads us to seek out their comfort in times of difficulty or to enjoy their presence, we have formed an attachment with them. All babies raised within a family structure become attached to their caregiver; however the strength of the attachment can vary. While some are secure in their relationships with the caregiver; presenting as relaxed in their presence; others appear apprehensive and…

    Words: 1413 - Pages: 6
  • Attachment Theory Of Attachment

    feel that the caregiver sometime is present but sometimes is not. The child will become upset when the caregiver leaves and angry when they return. Those infants feel that their are loved only half of the times that they need it and they often feel abandoned during future interpersonal relations. A test to categorize children into one of the three attachment stamps was developed by Mary Ainsworth, developmental psychologist, and Bell (1970); which consisted in the Strange Situation…

    Words: 816 - Pages: 4
  • Type B Attachment Analysis

    Per Mary Ainsworth, children act differently when factors such as strangers, parent leaving, etc. The child is aware of what is going on and can, depending on the style, be afraid of what will happen when the parent leaves or if they will come back. Some children are even fearful of the stranger and will act completely different. IN the following paragraphs, I will answer the following questions: 1. Type A – Insecure Avoidant 2. Type B - Secure 3. Type C – Insecure Ambivalent/ Resistant 4.…

    Words: 901 - Pages: 4
  • John Bowlby Attachment Case Study

    egocentric, they begin to become somewhat more aware of other people’s feelings and take them into account when making decisions. Dollard and Miller’s Theory of Attachment In opposition to Bowlby’s evolutionary views, Dollard and Miller’s behaviourist theory of attachment suggests that attachment is a series of learned behaviours. Fundamentally, this begins with the provision of food from the caregiver which provides nourishment and thus security for the infant. This thought process extends to…

    Words: 1038 - Pages: 5
  • The Strange Situation Procedure

    Before the 1970’s, one popular theory commonly known as ‘cupboard love’ argued attachment of a child to its mother for example was simply demonstrative of an association to specific reinforces of food and warmth. The Psychologist John Bowlby argued innate abilities present at birth enabled children to create a complex and unique bond with the mother, treating the carer as safe base (Custance, 2012). This goes against previously held beliefs, suggesting more to such a relationship than simply a…

    Words: 1074 - Pages: 4
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