Mary Ainsworth

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    This article was a research conducted by people to study the concept of resilience in people especially children who tried to adapt in spite of stress, tragedy or trauma. Resilience is the process by which people adapt well in tragedy, trauma, threats, health problems, stress and other things. Reading the article, there were some topics in psychology that could be linked to the concept of resilience. The types of attachment theory by Mary Ainsworth, our perception, and also the contexts of development. First of all, attachment is the process whereby children develop a bond between their caregivers or mothers. The types of attachment developed by Mary Ainsworth are secure, insecure-avoidant, disorganized, and insecure resistant. Those who were secured were able to connect well with others and feel confident even in unfamiliar circumstances. Also those who are insecure-avoidant and insecure resistant become less effective in dealing with such situations. Insecure-avoidant children avoid been dependent on others. Insecure-resistant people long for close relationship but sometimes it is hard for them to trust or depend on people. This shows that how we attach to our caregivers as children plays an important role in our resilience as we grow older. Resilience helps to deal with life challenges when faced with it.…

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    Bowlby’s Theory and Mary Ainsworth John Bowlby is a psychoanalyst who was interested in how mental health or behavioural problems came to be, he attributed this to a person’s early childhood experience, and how they were raised. John Bowlby invented 4 names for different parenting methods, and explained how he believed these parents acted and how this affected the said child in later adulthood. Mary Ainsworth was a student of Bowlby who agreed with his views and developed a very praised and used…

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    Mary Salter Ainsworth

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    Mary Dinsmore Salter Ainsworth Brief Personal History: I was born in Glendale, Ohio, USA on December 1,1913. Both of my parents are college graduates of Dickson College. They were very literature oriented and valued education. I am the eldest of three girls. I spent the first four years of my life in Ohio, and then moved to Toronto, Canada with my family at five. My parents trained us at a very young age to value our education. I like to party, dance, read, listen to music, and engaging in…

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    Mary Ainsworth Mary Ainsworth was born December 1st, 1913 in Glendale Ohio, United States and raised in Canada. At an early age she knew she wanted to grow up to be a psychologist, after she was inspired by reading the book “Character and the Conduct of Life by William McDougall. Mary belongs to the school of thought Microsociology. Microsociology is the study of interactions between individuals that have certain roles in society (i.e mother and child). She studied at University of Toronto in…

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    This essay focuses on the comparison in infant sleeping arrangements among different culture. Moreover, further discussion of attachment theory in which mainly focusing on Ainsworth (1979) research findings and a hypothesis on relationships between maternal behavior and infant behavior with its effect on various sleeping arrangements. Attachment theory was initially developed by British psychologist John Bowlby, by using various ethological theories and later, Mary Ainsworth who was an…

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    Mary D. Saslter Ainsworth was an american psychologist, she was born in Ohio in 1913 and she died in Virginia University in 1999. Ainsworth was teacher, psychology researcher and she even joined in the Canadian army during the II World War. She had researched about the “theory of attachment” done by John Bowlby and she has reinvented it with her investigation skill called “strange situation” doing a great job of contribution to social psychology. In this paper I’m going to talk about this…

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    The attachment theory is developed by John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth.The concepts were devised from ethology,cybernetics,information processing ,developmental psychology, and psychoanalysts. Bowlby drafted the basics of the attachment theory. He initiated the deliberation of child’s connection to its mother and how it can be disturbed because of separation, deprivation, and bereavement. Ainsworth’s involvement is this theory with the different methods that were used to test it. Additionally, she…

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    when growing up to become an adults. For example if a child is crying, hungry or scared and the parent or Carer responds by meeting the child's needs or offer reassure and comfort, these help them build better relation with others, have self confidence and grow to be a happy person. However if a child does not form positive attachment with parents or caregiver it could have a negative impact on the child. Insecure attachment has been shown to negatively affect the child’s growth and…

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    (Harris, 1998). Bowlby states that multiple attachments are harmful to children however, children are able to have attachments to other people and live a healthy crime free life. (Field, 1996, p. 544). Additionally, children can form primary attachments to others than their mothers and attachments can occur outside of the critical period as many people form attachments during adolescence. To support this, a study conducted by Hodges & Tizard (1989) illustrated that children could form…

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    Per Mary Ainsworth, children act differently when factors such as strangers, parent leaving, etc. The child is aware of what is going on and can, depending on the style, be afraid of what will happen when the parent leaves or if they will come back. Some children are even fearful of the stranger and will act completely different. IN the following paragraphs, I will answer the following questions: 1. Type A – Insecure Avoidant 2. Type B - Secure 3. Type C – Insecure Ambivalent/ Resistant 4.…

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