John Watson

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  • Psychological Studies Considered Ethical Today

    especially children. There has also been many debates into Albert’s true identity and his health during the time, Watson reported the child’s health as ‘healthy and normal’ however it has since been debated by Beck, Levinson, and Irons (2009) that Albert’s identity is that of Douglas Merritte (1919-1925) a child who died of hydrocephalus. (Fridlund, 2012) Which would question why Watson would use a child with a neurological impairment in his research, while further jeopardizing the conclusions…

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  • Watson's Little Albert Case Studies

    project was directed to explain how these behaviors are interacted with the environment to influence behavior and development. One behavior modification study that has been controversial is, Watson’s Little Albert, which was done by behaviorist John B. Watson and Rosalie Raynor. The Little Albert experiment was a case study that showed empirical evidence of classical conditioning in humans. The type of learning that was demonstrated in this study was hypothesizing fearful response in children…

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  • Logical Positivism

    Cherie O’Boyle’s book, History of Psychology: A Cultural Perspective, has offered many interesting insights in to the field of psychology. The subfield of the discipline that sparks my curiosity the most has been Behaviorism. We were tasked as a class to interview Psychologist that worked in a field we may be interested in, and I chose to interview Dr. Robert Herdegen. Dr. Herdegen is a professor at Hampden-Sydney College in Farmville, Va. He specializes in general experimental psychology, with…

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  • Pavlov Contributions

    (a variation of the puzzle box), would not have ever happened if not for the article published about Ivan Pavlov. Another famous psychologist that was largely influenced by Pavlov was John B. Watson. He went on to do research on conditioning to elicit behavior; most of us know the “Little Albert” study, where Watson made an infant terrified of a little furry animal by pairing it with a very loud noise, or an aversive stimulus. The infant cried whenever he heard the noise, and eventually he…

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  • John Broadus Watson Behaviorism Case Study

    give them a significant value because they could not measure them (Myers, 2012). John Broadus Watson, who is considered the father of this school, he believed that child's environment can mold them, as he mentioned in his famous saying, if we give him dozen of healthy children, he can make them as the desired person want them to be, such as doctor, lawyer and artist . He emphasize in the nurturing of the child.(Watson & Rayer,1920). He believed that emotional reactions could be calsscialy…

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  • Skinner V. Skinner

    adapt to changing environments (Skinner, 1938). Learning theories evolved to separate into two perspectives. First, the behaviourist perspective argues that learning be studied by observation and manipulation of stimulus-response associations. John Watson, who argued that psychology should be the study of observable phenomena, not the study of consciousness, or the mind, first articulated behaviourist perspective in 1913.…

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  • Analysis Of Little Emotional Albert By John B. Watson

    Were we just born with the instinctual ability to feel these emotions, or did we learn to feel certain emotions towards certain things or situations? Amongst the many psychologists that set out to find the cause for emotions, a psychologist named John B. Watson immediately stands out. Not only was he able to discover the mystery behind emotions, but, in doing so, he was also able to literally change the direction that psychology was heading at the time. In the reading, “Little Emotional Albert,”…

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  • Outline And Evaluate One Learning Approach

    Outline and evaluate one learning approach One learning approach in psychology is the behaviourist approach. The main assumptions of behaviourism are that behaviour is a response to a stimulus and that what we do is determined by environment. Behaviourists also assume that learning processes are common to all species – meaning that there is little difference between humans and animals as well as believing that all complex behaviour is the result of learning through interaction and that people…

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  • Pavlov's Classical Conditioning

    Erinn Payne Pavlov’s Classical Conditioning Classical conditioning refers to a kind of learning in which a stimulus obtains the ability to evoke a response which was initially evoked by a different stimulus (Weiten, 2010, p. 225). Classical conditioning is a learning theory developed by Ivan Pavlov (Olson & Hergenhahn, 2009, p.30), a Russian physiologist, in about 1900 (Weiten, 2010, p. 225) when he made an accidental discovery upon noticing that dogs salivate at the sight of food during his…

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  • Respondent Conditioning Case Study

    What were Pavlov’s initial observations that prompted his experiments on respondent conditioning? (pg. 332) Pavlov initially implanted tubes into the dogs’ gland to measure the amount of secretion. When his assistant would present food to the dogs, they would salivate. After some time, they noticed that the dogs would salivate whenever the assistant entered the room, irrespective of whether he had food or not. b. Then describe the exact analogy between those observed events and the events…

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