Foot-and-mouth disease

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  • Foot-And-Mouth Disease Virus

    The foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV), more commonly known as foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), is an extremely contagious disease that affects all cloven-hooved species such as beef and dairy cattle, sheep, and swine. FMD is caused by genus Aphthovirus of the Picornaviridae family of which seven serotypes are recognized; including the three known as type O (now named the PanAsia strain), type A, type and C; types A and C both were present and responsible for the 2001 FMD epidemic in the United Kingdom (Arzt, Baxt, Grubman, Jackson, Juleff, Rhyan, and Rodriguez, 2011, p. 305). FMD is transmitted by direct contact between infected and susceptible animals, and by indirect contact with contaminated animal products (meat, raw milk, hides) and their feed, bedding, and equipment use for their maintenance. The disease can become airborne; when it does the spread of FMD occurs rapidly where large numbers of animals are in close proximity. According to Olsen, “The animal-to-animal airborne transmission range is 50 miles” and being an extremely stable virus, FMD can survive in bedding, on equipment, or even clothing for 1 month (2012, p. 4). An important feature of the disease in relation to its infectivity is that it may be excreted before signs become evident; thus the infection may spread before the farmer is aware that his herd…

    Words: 1537 - Pages: 7
  • Write An Essay On Hand-Mouth Disease

    Children are curious little people who find a way of sticking anything and everything in their mouths before their parents can even get a chance to say “NO!” This is one of the main reasons why they are always getting sick and occasionally infecting the people they are in close contact with. The well-known hand-foot-mouth disease is almost always seen in children under the age of ten because of how infectious it is. Unfortunately hand-foot mouth disease is not limited to children. My cousin,…

    Words: 1444 - Pages: 6
  • Ringworm Informative Speech

    Dermatology Department Today we will discuss the main conditions or diseases we see here in the pediatric department of Dermatology. First we will discuss Ringworms also known as Tinea. I am sure everyone has known someone and especially a child who has gotten ringworms. Before I say anything let me inform you a ringworm is not caused by a worm, I will explain where the name comes from soon. Ringworm is a dermatitis (skin rash), which is caused by dermatomycosis (fungal infection of the skin).…

    Words: 831 - Pages: 4
  • Phenomenology In Frankenstein

    Researchers were able to splice together the virus protein of a previous vaccine for foot-and-mouth disease with the DNA of E. coli in order to produce bacteria that reproduced the vaccine protein at a much faster rate, which reduced the risk the previous vaccine posed of introducing foot-and-mouth disease to its host. Before this vaccine, foot-and-mouth disease could decimate a countries’ livestock, as it did in 1967 when the United Kingdom was forced to slaughter 442,000 animals at an…

    Words: 1359 - Pages: 6
  • Erythema Case Studies

    Evidence-Based Clinical Intervention Fifth disease, also known as erythema infectiosum, is a benign childhood condition that affects many children each year to its easy mode of transmission. As providers, understanding the etiology of the illness, presentation, differential diagnoses, treatment, and management, will be of high importance for all patients. This paper will discuss the medical problem, the pathophysiology of the infection, typical presenting signs and symptoms, three differential…

    Words: 1448 - Pages: 6
  • The Importance Of Trench Warfare During The Great War

    trenches was limited and did not meet the soldiers’ nutritional needs. Many days, soldiers would only be served hard biscuits or tinned corned beef. Additionally, while fighting in the trenches, soldiers suffered from various negative mental and physical conditions such as trench mouth, trench foot, and even body lice. Furthermore, weapons (like gas canisters) used during the Great War were very cruel and could leave one suffering till death. Finally, the trenches were a very unpleasant place…

    Words: 1687 - Pages: 7
  • Pain And Pain Analysis

    the topic of branches of medicine I get knowledge of various branches in medicine as well as the functions and the working people such as Endocrinology is the study of medical science that studies endocrine glands that work in the field is referred to endocrinologists. On the topic of nursing abbreviations, I gain knowledge about the notion of abbreviations in medical science as well as information such as abbreviations in drinking medicine namely a. c which means in the drinking cure should be…

    Words: 763 - Pages: 4
  • Bell's Palsy

    BELLS PALSY Overview Bell's palsy is a sudden weakness and paralysis of the muscles in the face. This makes half of your facial muscles appear to tire. On that side, you may have trouble smiling or closing your eye. It is also known as facial palsy, there is no specific age of occurring. The exact cause is usually unknown, but it is assumed to be the cause of swelling, compressed and inflammation of the nerve that control of facial muscles. It might be a reaction that occurs after bacterial or…

    Words: 578 - Pages: 3
  • Tetanus Case Study

    that have not been vaccinated or have not received the proper vaccination. Tdap should be administered in three doses during normal childhood vaccinations and it is strongly recommended to have the TD booster every 10 years. Although the number of cases has decreased with the introduction of the tetanus vaccination, between 1991-1997 325 cases (46.4 per year) were reported. (Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine, 2001) The tetanus infection attacks the nervous system, causing…

    Words: 1821 - Pages: 8
  • Explain The Meaning Of Sustained Release On Medication Bottle

    Patients can be prescribed medications for a variety of reasons such as acute or chronic disease or illnesses. Oral medications are quite frequently prescribed for infections, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol as just a few for examples. Many maintenance drugs are taken by mouth. Maintenance drugs are those drugs taken for a chronic disease such as high blood pressure. The prescriptions may come in different forms such as pills, capsules, tablets, and liquids. Usually medications…

    Words: 1039 - Pages: 5
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