Enterovirus

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    Abigail was starting to run a little fever and shortly after the blisters showed up on her hands, feet and on her tongue. Amber was so baffled by the blisters that soon turned in too ulceration, so she immediately took Abby to her pediatrician and was diagnosed with hand-foot-mouth disease. The pediatrician expressed to Amber that this disease was very contagious, and Amber began to think about all the surfaces that Abby had touched, and consequently she had touched as well. About a week later Amber began having the symptoms, but she felt like she was in much more pain than Abby. Amber could barely walk because of the blisters on the soles of her feet, fortunately Amber did not have the same ulcerations that Abby had on her tongue. The Enterovirus genus group includes a variety of viruses, two of which are the…

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    Ev71 Essay

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    first found in the United States in 1969 and then the EV71 associated HFMD outbreaks have been reported in Europe, Australia, and Asia. The EV71 infection also associated with fatal neurological symptoms, and it was first reported in Bulgaria in 1975 and Hungary in 1978 (Tee, 2010). Since 1997, the HFMD with EV71-associated neurological syndrome with high mortality rate had spread rapidly in Asia, especially in Southeast Asia (Yang, 2009). Most of the outbreaks reported in the Asia-Pacific…

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    Arguments Against Polio

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    body. Countless individuals have been paralyzed or have died from the disease. Finally in the 1950s, after numerous clinical trials, Jonas Salk created a vaccine to combat polio. The vaccine, which was offered either orally or from an injection, successfully was able to prevent the disease. As a result of the invention of the polio vaccine, the average life expectancy raised more than thirty years over the past century which ultimately allowed the human population to grow and also made way…

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    a dislike for light. Newborn babies can present with either irritability and inconsolable crying or being too sleepy and not waking up for feeds along with high fever. If left untreated the condition can progress to deteriorating consciousness and even death. Delay in treatment may result in permanent damage like deafness or blindness. Hence these symptoms should be taken seriously and medical advice sought immediately. Meningitis is caused by infective organisms such as bacteria and viruses.…

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    resulting in inflammation of the ocular and palpebral surface with hyperemia which causes tearing, itching, and eye erythema (Dunphy, Winward-Brown, Porter, & Thomas, 2015). Diagnosis #2 Bacterial conjunctivitis Inflammation of the conjunctiva caused by bacterial contact such as Staphylococcus Aureus, Streptococcus Pneumoniae, Haemophilus Influenzae, Neisseria Gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia. resulting in ocular and palpebral surface hyperemia which causes the classic triage of symptoms: tearing,…

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    Bronchiolitis

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    The viral infection causes inflammation of the bronchial tubes. The virus causes the tissues of the bronchioles to become necroes which causes it to slough off. This in return causes blockage or collapse of the alveoli. Blockage to the alveoli causes air to become trapped and collapse will cause less surface space for oxygen to transfer. Viral infections commonly diagnosed are respiratory syncytial virus or RSV, adenovirus, enterovirus, and human meta-pneumovirus. The signs and symptoms of…

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    Public Health Agencies

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    ensure that preventive programs such as immunization clinics and screening for communicable diseases are offered. Concurrently, local health agencies also must be able to provide medical treatment in the event of a communicable disease such as tuberculosis or provide maternal or child services to the at risk population (Salinsky, 2012). The role of the public health nurse is fluid and always emerging to adapt to the needs of the community. An increase in communicable diseases and drug…

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    Ohemaa Asantewaa Ofori-Addae BIO 150 Poliomyelitis Polio is a very contagious illness that is caused by a virus. Poliomyelitis is caused by a human enterovirus of the Picornaviridae family and caused by poliovirus. The polio virus can be transmitted from one person to another through oral contact with secretions or through fecal contact from an infected person. Polio can cause paralysis, difficulty in breathing and even death. Polio sometimes affects children most often. In spite of so many…

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    The Polio virus is apart of the genus Enterovirus and a member of the family Picornaviridae (Varner,2009). It is classified as a small, icosahedral shaped, non-enveloped, and a positive sense RNA virus. The organism is heat resistant, tolerates an acidic environment with a pH of 3-5 for up to three hours. The virus can survive for days at room temperature and for weeks at 4°C. It is inactivated by drying, heat, formaldehyde, chlorine, and ultraviolet light (Varner, 2009). In 1993, a major…

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    major histocomparbility complex (MHC) genes DR and DQ. (Anderson, 2008). The association as to why polymorphisms of MHC II genes and the association of CD4+ T cell receptors occur remain to be determined. Research is still be completed as to the why however, new research is being focused on the genome wide association to understand the monogenic forms of endocrine autoimmunity since the root cause cannot be ascertained. Type I Diabetes Autoimmune type I diabetes the causation is thought to be…

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