# Enthalpy

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or gain of heat. This change in heat is called enthalpy. The goal of this experiment is to calculate enthalpy for three different reactions. To calculate the enthalpy of a reaction, a calorimeter is used to measure the change in heat energy from mixing different substances. The change of temperature is found by comparing the change in temperature of the system to the temperature of the surroundings. For a calorimeter, a Styrofoam cup place in a beaker is used. The Styrofoam of the cup minimizes heat loss and the beaker keeps the cup in a stable position. Hot and cold water were mixed in the calorimeter to calibrate it and determine its heat capacity, which comes into play in the three reactions tested.…

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calculations are included which will show how the values for the enthalpy of combustion of the fuel sources are deduced. Graph 1: Scatter plot showing the change in the temperature of 80.0mL of distilled water in the tin calorimeter during and after the combustion of the kerosene for the first conducted trial. The linear trendline was created for the last three data points, where the water was allowed to cool, which was then extrapolated backwards to account for the total decrease in the…

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the enthalpy of formation of magnesium oxide was found by adding together three reactions, as shown in the table below. Experiments were performed to obtain the ΔHrxn value of the first two reactions in the table, which were reactions 4 and 5 respectively in the experimental section, while the ΔHrxn for the third reaction in the table was provided. Using the ΔT obtained experimentally, heat energy (q) was determined using the equation q = mCΔT + CΔT where q was the heat, m was the mass of the…

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The change in enthalpy for the combustion of magnesium metal Abstract ======== Hess’s law of heat summation states that the value of DH for a reaction is the same whether it occurs directly or as a series of…

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Throughout this lab the goal was to figure out the enthalpy of combustion of magnesium. Enthalpy (H) is the energy stored in a substance during its formation. The amount of energy that may be absorbed or released when a chemical reaction takes place is known as the change in enthalpy (ΔH). If a reaction absorbs heat, then it will be positive number and will be called an endothermic reaction. If a reaction releases heat, then it will have a negative number and will be called an exothermic…

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Heat of Combustion of Magnesium Hypothesis: Hess’s law states that “the enthalpy change for the conversion of reactants to products is the same whether the conversion occurs in one step or several steps” (DiGiuseppe et al,2012,p.314 ). A series of two experiments will perform in this lab in order to find ΔH1 and ΔH2 . In addition, ΔH3 will be obtained by reference. It is predicted that the combustion of magnesium will have a negative enthalpy, since combustion is an exothermic reaction. Also…

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The theoretical value for enthalpy calculated using the given values table 5 was -55.22 kJ. The enthalpy of reaction three calculated using the experimental data or the temperature changes recorded was done by using “q” values and limiting reactant molarity and thus that value was found to be -60.70 kJ. The third calculation using Hess’s Law of summation was found using the experimental enthalpies for reactions one and two which were then combined to calculated a value for reaction three of…

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Results: Table: Mass of alcohols combusted along with experimental and literary values for enthalpy change Alcohol Molar Mass (g/mol) Mass of Alcohol Combusted (g) Enthalpy (kJ/mol) Enthalpy literature value [Stretton n.d.] (kJ/mol) Trial 1 Trial 2 Trial 3 Average (mean) Trial 1 Trial 2 Trial 3 Average (mean) Ethanol 46.07 1.447 1.327 1.371 1.382 -133.1 -145.1 -140.5 -139.3 -1367 Propanol 60.10 1.133 1.375 1.255 1.254 -221.7 -182.7 -200.2 -200.3 -2021 Butanol 74.12 1.181 1.046 1.119 1.115…

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Name: Sebastian Sak Lab Partners: Tim Gronet TA: Feifei Xu Determining Molar Enthalpy of Dehydration of Sodium Acetate Trihydrate Purpose: In this lab, two solid substances, sodium acetate and sodium acetate trihydrate, will be analyzed for the heat of solution for both processes. This allowed the calculation of the molar enthalpy of dehydration of sodium acetate trihydrate. Calorimetry was used to experimentally determine the heat of solution for both reactions. Procedure: This lab was…

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while the pressure increases. Consequently, the refrigerator absorbs heat at the extremely low temperature if the pressure remains insignificant. Furthermore, it rejects heat at a higher temperature while the pressure is increased. To generate a closed cycle, the high pressure condensed liquid needs to come back to the low-pressure condition for evaporation. The Reversed Carnot Cycle represents the ideal refrigerator where heat remains in a constant low-temperature source at whereas it rejects…

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