Ringworm Case Study

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Dermatology Department Today we will discuss the main conditions or diseases we see here in the pediatric department of Dermatology. First we will discuss Ringworms also known as Tinea. I am sure everyone has known someone and especially a child who has gotten ringworms. Before I say anything let me inform you a ringworm is not caused by a worm, I will explain where the name comes from soon. Ringworm is a dermatitis (skin rash), which is caused by dermatomycosis (fungal infection of the skin). Ringworm causes ichthyosis (abnormal condition of dry or scaly skin). It appears on the skin as round; like a ring, dry scaly red patches. Ringworm can be found in different places. Like earlier I mentioned ringworm is known as Tinea, so there are multiple …show more content…
We will begin with discussion Arrhythmia (abnormal heart beat). There are different types of Arrhythmia, and they include Premature atrial contractions, theses are extra heartbeats that happen in the atria (upper chamber of the heart). These contractions usually do not cause harm and don’t require treatment. Another one is Atrial fibrillation, it’s a heart rhythm that causes the atria to contract abnormally. Multiple things such as coronary artery disease, heart attack injury, and electrolyte imbalances in your blood can cause arrhythmia. Also remember arrhythmia can occur in normal healthy hearts also. When dealing with arrhythmia symptoms may include dyspnea (shortness of breath), angina pectoris (chest pain or discomfort), and dizziness. Our next condition we will discuss is Rheumatic heart disease. Rheumatic heart disease is myocarditis (inflammatory disease of the heart) caused by an autoimmune reaction to an infection. This disease is caused when the heart muscles and valves get damaged due to rheumatic fever. Rheumatic fever starts off as a strep throat that is undiagnosed or untreated and it became worse causing more serious …show more content…
Arrhythmia can be diagnosed through several test such as an ECG (electrocardiography), this records the timing of the atrial and ventricle electrical signals. When looking at an ECG we want to look at the different waves that appear on the ECG, the first is the P wave this wave records the atria’s electrical activity. The second is the QRS wave, which records the ventricles electrical activity, and then we have the T wave which records the hearts return to its resting state. Treatment for Arrhythmia may not be needed depending on how severe it is, but if treatment is needed you should try to avoid blood clots, and control your heart rate with certain activities. Medications like antiarrhythmic drugs may be prescribed and it is important to take them as directed so that complications will not arise. When it comes to diagnosing Rheumatic heart disease the doctor will go through a physical exam of the child’s throat and joints, the doctor may also do a chest x-ray, and an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) of the heart. Treatments for Rheumatic heart disease include antibiotics, anti inflammatory medicine and lots of rest. If the child has a damaged heart valve surgery may be

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