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    wars including the Samian war and best known Peloponnesian war. The best known war that Pericles is associated with is the Peloponnesian war, which was fought between Athens and its empire, and the Peloponnesian league led by Sparta. This war was between 431-404 BCE. Both Sparta and Athens at the time were the leading city-states in Greece, both having alliances that made up of nearly all Greek city-states all together. Athens had alliances with many sea bound city-states which gave them an upper hand when it came to sea, but Sparta had strong alliances with independent states that included most of the major land powers of the Peloponnese which gave them the advantage on land. However Sparta also had great sea power with the alliance with Corinth. The two had made a treaty called the Thirty Year’s treaty in 445, however Athenians took steps that explicitly violated this truce and Sparta threatened war against them which Pericles strongly advised not to back down from. Open war began in 431 when Thebes, a Spartan ally, made an attack on the Athenians ally, Plataea. During the war Pericles made 2 speeches, the funeral oration and his final speech in which he tried to defend himself. In the funeral oration, Pericles gave honour and remembrance to those who had died during the war, he gave the speech to give hope to the Athenians, a city at war. “You know that your dead have passed away amid manifold vicissitudes; and that they may be deemed fortunate who have gained their utmost…

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    I have chosen Paul’s First Letter to the Corinthians 13: 1-13 for my bible passage. In Paul’s day, Corinth was the largest and most influential city in southern Greece. Athens was considered the intellectual center of Greece, and Corinth was the commercial center. The city’s rise to prominence among the cities of Greece is attributed to its central location on the east-west route between Italy and Asia Minor. Corinth’s financial prosperity was the result of business activities, athletic…

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    Prior to the 8th century Corinthians subsisted on agriculture and pastoralism; however cultivable land soon was in short supply (Angel, 1972; Gwynn, 1918; McIlvaine, 2012; Pomeroy et al., 2004; Stallo, 2007) During the 8th century BCE, ruling members of eight villages formed Corinth and dominated their neighbors beginning their local expansion. This small independent city-state soon became a regional powerhouse (Antonaccio, 2003; Dietler, 2005; Gwynn, 1918; McIlvaine, 2012; Stallo, 2007).…

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    Why Is Poleis Important

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    called poleis. Poleis were a complex community that within them they had temples, theaters, an agora, and several other public buildings. Each poleis was involved in trade, foreign affairs, and had a type of government. Poleis were the center of life for Greeks in Athens and affected their ways of living. As stated, poleis are city-states; each polis is unique from the rest as evidenced by Sparta and Athens. Sparta represented war, while Athens represented arts and democracy. Each poleis…

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    economic background and how they led the subordinate states of government. As well as, Sparta’s and Athens’ strategic approach to war, in the beginning, was dissimilar but in the end, the tables would turn and the Sparta would be victorious. According to Thucydides, the balance of power often shifted during the war between Sparta and Athens giving each super power the opportunity to end the war and propose peace. This long drawn out protracted war demonstrated how Sparta’s and Athens’…

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    Rationalization Of Sin

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    immediate steps to confront the sinner and remove the individual from the church. However, he did not focus on the sin rampant in the pagan culture of ancient Corinth. Rather, his focus and direction fell intensely on those following Christ in the church he planted, approximately three years earlier. The sin that Paul is addressing in Chapter 5 is that of incest. A sin described in the Old Testament as so heinous, ugly, and despicable that the Lord requires the offending individuals to be cut…

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    B. Mytilene debate 1. According to Thucydide, the revolt of Mytilene took place in the year 428 B.C and the debate took place in the city of Mytilene who had surrender to Paches (2013 p 94) 2. The Athenians believed that the revolt at Mytilene was premeditated as the Mytilenean people had planned to unify with Lesbos and revolt against the Athenian Empire (2013 p 94). Their government had plotted a rebellion with the help of the Spartans and Boeotian’s as well as cities on other islands to…

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    Groupthink is a phenomenon that occurs when the desire for harmony and compliance within a group leads people to operate in a way that can reach a faulty decision. (Janis,1972) Historically, there are many examples of groupthink decisions made by corporations, governments, or other types of organization or group. In this paper, we will examine an important aspect of Modern Greek history that changed not only its borders, but also the population characteristics of certain areas. Asia Minor was a…

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    Sparta Strengths

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    The image that the Spartan’s projected of their society painted them as a fearsome, suicidal collective to other Greeks. However, while this image is certainly rooted in truth, I take Spartan society to be more complex, which may have been interpreted as a weakness and perhaps if they were seen as complex by the other Greek poleis they might not have appeared so formidable. Firstly, Jean Ducat notes that the educational system in Sparta held greater significance than any other Greek city-states…

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    Mytilenian Debate Analysis

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    The Mytilenian Debate was a key part of Thucydides’ On Justice, Power and Human Nature. The Mytilenian debate focuses on a conflict about the rebellion of Mytilene. The Rebellion that began in the summer of 428 was between the Athens and a town on the island of Lesbos; Mytilene, that was located off the coast of Asia minor. The rebellion also grew to include most of the islands of Lesbos. The rebellion was caused by the Mytilenians believing that the Athens would eventually take over their…

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