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  • Sparta Strategic Approach To War: The Peloponnesian War

    economic background and how they led the subordinate states of government. As well as, Sparta’s and Athens’ strategic approach to war, in the beginning, was dissimilar but in the end, the tables would turn and the Sparta would be victorious. According to Thucydides, the balance of power often shifted during the war between Sparta and Athens giving each super power the opportunity to end the war and propose peace. This long drawn out protracted war demonstrated how Sparta’s and Athens’ strategic approach to war in the beginning, eventually evolved over time and during the course of the conflict. The war begins with Sparta’s strategic plan to lead the Peloponnesians to dismantle the Athens’ empire based on the intelligence received by Corinth. However, the Sparta misinterpreted the Athens’ strategic maneuver of not fighting and failed. The failure wasn’t a result of poor execution or resources; it was Sparta looking for a decisive battle based on their culture which led to unattainable objectives. Attempting to fight a war under cultural norms, Sparta as a land power had a hard time conquering Athens. Struggling with ways to defeat and dismantle the Athens’ empire, Sparta wanted peace negotiations. But in spite of all good intentions, the root cause of the war (fear) still persisted coupled with greed, pride and unpredictability prevented both Sparta and Athens from achieving peace. The consequences of a non-peace agreement weighed heavily on Sparta and the effects of war…

    Words: 1108 - Pages: 4
  • Colonial Expansion And Globalization Analysis

    Prior to the 8th century Corinthians subsisted on agriculture and pastoralism; however cultivable land soon was in short supply (Angel, 1972; Gwynn, 1918; McIlvaine, 2012; Pomeroy et al., 2004; Stallo, 2007) During the 8th century BCE, ruling members of eight villages formed Corinth and dominated their neighbors beginning their local expansion. This small independent city-state soon became a regional powerhouse (Antonaccio, 2003; Dietler, 2005; Gwynn, 1918; McIlvaine, 2012; Stallo, 2007).…

    Words: 729 - Pages: 3
  • Rationalization Of Sin

    immediate steps to confront the sinner and remove the individual from the church. However, he did not focus on the sin rampant in the pagan culture of ancient Corinth. Rather, his focus and direction fell intensely on those following Christ in the church he planted, approximately three years earlier. The sin that Paul is addressing in Chapter 5 is that of incest. A sin described in the Old Testament as so heinous, ugly, and despicable that the Lord requires the offending individuals to be cut…

    Words: 1203 - Pages: 5
  • Peloponnesian War: An Analysis

    Throughout history, people have been debating over who was more to blame for the Peloponnesian War and the thirty-year conflict between Athens and Sparta’s allies. Most people will argue that the Spartans will be more to blame because they are the ones who initially started the war. But, from the evidence I gathered from the book “The Making of the West: Peoples and Cultures” by Lynn Hunt it claims that the Athens are more at fault for these problems. A reason that points the finger to…

    Words: 595 - Pages: 3
  • Pericles Re Build Of The Acropolis Analysis

    wars including the Samian war and best known Peloponnesian war. The best known war that Pericles is associated with is the Peloponnesian war, which was fought between Athens and its empire, and the Peloponnesian league led by Sparta. This war was between 431-404 BCE. Both Sparta and Athens at the time were the leading city-states in Greece, both having alliances that made up of nearly all Greek city-states all together. Athens had alliances with many sea bound city-states which gave them an…

    Words: 1107 - Pages: 5
  • Mytilenian Debate Analysis

    The Mytilenian Debate was a key part of Thucydides’ On Justice, Power and Human Nature. The Mytilenian debate focuses on a conflict about the rebellion of Mytilene. The Rebellion that began in the summer of 428 was between the Athens and a town on the island of Lesbos; Mytilene, that was located off the coast of Asia minor. The rebellion also grew to include most of the islands of Lesbos. The rebellion was caused by the Mytilenians believing that the Athens would eventually take over their…

    Words: 1436 - Pages: 6
  • Sparta Superior Civilization Essay

    Sparta, The Superior Civilization Sparta and Athens where both great civilizations, but only one was the greatest of all ancient greece. Sparta was a civilization that innovated and capitalized on its strong values. Athens was a pale imitation to what Sparta had achieved. Sparta had the superior civilization compared to Athens because it had a strong military, far less patriarchal, and had a healthier society. Sparta had the strongest and most well trained army of ancient greece. Boys were…

    Words: 934 - Pages: 4
  • Importance Of Money In Athens

    Conflict in Athens In the time before Solon there was a lot of conflict in Athens. Some between the aristocrats and the peasants. The rich had enslaved a lot of the poor people and most of the other poor people had debt with them. This drove the poor to seek a revolution because it was becoming unbearable. Other conflict that existed was between the different aristocratic families themselves. Megacles and Cylon’s factions had a blood feud going that was quite serious at the time of Solon.…

    Words: 1679 - Pages: 7
  • Thucydides: The Mytilene Debate

    B. Mytilene debate 1. According to Thucydide, the revolt of Mytilene took place in the year 428 B.C and the debate took place in the city of Mytilene who had surrender to Paches (2013 p 94) 2. The Athenians believed that the revolt at Mytilene was premeditated as the Mytilenean people had planned to unify with Lesbos and revolt against the Athenian Empire (2013 p 94). Their government had plotted a rebellion with the help of the Spartans and Boeotian’s as well as cities on other islands to…

    Words: 836 - Pages: 4
  • Groupthink In Ancient Greek History

    Groupthink is a phenomenon that occurs when the desire for harmony and compliance within a group leads people to operate in a way that can reach a faulty decision. (Janis,1972) Historically, there are many examples of groupthink decisions made by corporations, governments, or other types of organization or group. In this paper, we will examine an important aspect of Modern Greek history that changed not only its borders, but also the population characteristics of certain areas. Asia Minor was a…

    Words: 631 - Pages: 3
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