Colonial Expansion And Globalization Analysis

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Prior to the 8th century Corinthians subsisted on agriculture and pastoralism; however cultivable land soon was in short supply (Angel, 1972; Gwynn, 1918; McIlvaine, 2012; Pomeroy et al., 2004; Stallo, 2007) During the 8th century BCE, ruling members of eight villages formed Corinth and dominated their neighbors beginning their local expansion. This small independent city-state soon became a regional powerhouse (Antonaccio, 2003; Dietler, 2005; Gwynn, 1918; McIlvaine, 2012; Stallo, 2007). The city-state of Corinth made use of the narrow isthmus between the gulf of Corinth and the Saronic Gulf as a strategic point allowing them to prosper as trade and travel were brought under their control (Pomeroy et al., 2004:163; Stallo, 2007:16). Another …show more content…
Unlike later colonizers these first groups were agriculturalists in search of cultivatable land. These initial colonizers would later lay the foundation for colonial expansion throughout the Mediterranean (Gwynne, 1918:92; Hodos, 2009:226; Pomeroy et al., 2004:66). By 733 BCE the colonial settlements of Syracuse on the island of Sicily and Corcyra on the island of Corfu were established (Figure 4; Cabanes, 2008; Graham, 1983; Hammond, 1992:31; Hodos, 2009:226; Lafe, 2003:75; McIlvaine et al., 2013; Pomeroy et al., 2004:66; Snodgrass, 2000:120; Stallo, 2007; Wilkes, 1992; Wilson, …show more content…
Shortly afterwards the wealthy Greek colony Apollonia was founded nearby (Casson, 1926:322; Ceka, 2005:66; Galaty, 2002:119; Hammond, 1992:31; Lafe, 2003:75; McIlvaine, 2012:58; Srejovic, 1998:22; Stallo, 2007; Stipčević, 1977:38; Tsetskhladze, 2008:lxv; Wilkes, 1992:110). According to historians there are conflicting dates in regards to colonization at Apollonia, either 600 BCE or 588 BCE. Part of this confusion might come from the colony which was originally named after its founder Gylax and called Gylakia in 600 BCE. Then in 588 BCE the colony was renamed Apollonia as a way of linking it to Apollo the Greek god (Amore, 2005:45; Ceka, 2005:66; Stallo, 2007:21; Wilson, 2006:47-48). To maintain consistency, I will use the date of 600 BCE (Amore, 2005:23-24; Galaty, 2002:119; Hammond, 1992:31; McIlvaine, 2012; Srejovic, 1998:22; Stipčević, 1977:38; Tsetskhladze, 2008:lxv; Wilkes, 1992:110). As Roman armies advanced throughout the region in 229 BCE, leading to the loss of Greek influence over the Illyrians (Ceka, 2005:121-122; Hammond, 1992; Stipčević, 1977; Wilkes, 1992; Wright,

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