Corinthian order

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    First I will talk about the types of gods these temples were made for. I will start out with the names and symbols of the gods in two of this temples. Pompeii’s main god’s temple is The Temple of Jupiter, Capitolium. Which was named after the god Jupiter. Jupiter in Roman religion, and mythology was the prime protector of the state. His symbol lightning bolt or an eagle. Jupiter was much like the Greek god Zeus. The next Pompeii temple is the Temple of Apollo. Which was named after the Greek and roman god Apollo. Apollo was once the main god in Pompeii, but was later move down by the roman god Jupiter. Apollo was part of a ancient Greek religion. His symbols included Lyre, laurel wreath, python, raven, bow and arrow. Apollo was the son of…

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    Roman Arches

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    The concept of the arch and concrete was seen as significant as the dwelling places in Rome. They were used to solidify and modify the Roman edifices. An arch is a made of stone, brick, concrete, steel with a curved shape. It supported and strengthened the Roman's buildings thereby making them strong. The last block inserted in an arch is the key stone known as the center stone. They mostly consist of wedge-shaped blocks (Cary and Scullard, 1975). When arches are made, they are supported by a…

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    Tennessee is filled with a myriad of sophisticated structures that are distinctly influenced by Greek and Roman architecture. The Grand Lodge of Tennessee of Free and Accepted Masons is merely one of the numerous buildings in Nashville that attempts to adopt the standards of Greek Classism. It immediately catches your attention with its regal appearance due to the largely scaled structure, intricate detailing and high relief columns projecting from the construction. After observing such an…

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    At first glance, the Pantheon and the Parthenon share enough similarities to give the impression that they were created in the same city or in the same era, however there are also many distinguishing features to both. There are enough differences in fact to warrant further examination into the history and architecture of these two iconic buildings. In order to do so, we'll look at the design of both the Pantheon and Parthenon's columns and capitals, builders, usage, architectural systems, and…

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    Mycenae Lion Wall

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    land Greece. One reason I feel that the Lion Gate is significant is because it shows the Mycenaean’s outlook on life. The Mycenaean’s were far more defensive than the Minoans based upon this entrance. They lived behind very thick walls known as the Cyclopean Masonry. It was named this because according to legend, only a creature as big as the cyclops could move the large stones the wall was built with. This entrance way and its surrounding walls makes it very clear the Mycenaean’s felt…

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    The Thomas Jefferson house has a lot of classical features that are described in the architecture of the building. If we first look at the middle of the building, we see a triangle right above the columns. Right in between the triangle and the columns is a large slab known as the abacus which is to support the architrave that is right about it. The triangle that is above of the columns is known as the frieze. The frieze is the widest and central part of a piece and is often richly decorated with…

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    Columns (or posts) are large, cylindrical pillars of stone mainly created to support beams or arches. Ancient Egyptian architecture made use of stone columns whose surface was carved to reflect the organic form of bundled reeds; in later Egyptian architecture faceted cylinders were also common. Columns in the ancient Mesopotamian region were in turn inspired by their palm trees, as it was a very fertile land. The columns were created for structural support. Columns are frequently used to support…

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    1. Describe two of the three column styles found in ancient Greek architecture. Two of the three column styles found in ancient Greek architecture are Ionic and Corinthian orders. Ionic order columns rest on detailed bases and have slender columns. On top of the columns are double scrolls. In contrast, Corinthian columns are more elaborate compared to Ionic columns. On top of the columns consist of two rows of fanned out leaves and fours scrolls. 2. What were Ushabti? What purpose did they…

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    Ancient Art Research Paper

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    did just that: told a story. But in modern times, pottery is now used more for aesthetics. Moreover, the stories told on these works have changed meaning as time has worn on. There are two main types of columns in antiquity: Doric and Ionic. Doric columns are very simplistic; they have no ornate topping and have no base. Instead, the column itself is topped by an entablature containing alternating decorative lines and blank spaces, called tryglyphs and metopes, respectively. Ionic order…

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    Though the front of each is similar, the Parthenon has a rectangular shape supported with Doric order columns along all four sides and the temple for Athena on one side with a treasury on the other supported by Ionic order columns on the interior (Silverman, n.d.). The Pantheon, while it has a pronaos similar to the Classical Greek style, has Corinthian order capitals to its columns and once you pass through them you enter into the circular open rotunda, with alcoves along the edges for display.…

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