Amur River

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    necessary to remember that not all languages survive, most of them die in silence. This case study focuses on one of the endangered languages – Nivkh. The report seeks to investigate social, economic and political reasons, which influenced the disappearance of the language. Nivkh is an endangered language, which is currently spoken on Sakhalin Island and in the Amur region of the Russian Federation. Formerly, the language was called gilyak, and even nowadays some works utilize this name (tr. Bitkeeva, n.d.). Salminen (2007) outlined that there were only several hundred users of the language. According to the data, presented by Institute of Linguistics of the Russian Federation (tr. Bitkeeva, n.d.), there were 688 speakers of the Nivkh language in 2002. The decline of language speakers is obvious, as the Russian census of 2010 showed that only 198 speakers of the Nivkh language left (Gruzdeva, 2015). Though, some researchers as Ekaterina Gruzdeva (2012) consider the language to be moribund (p. 65), Kibrik, referred by Enthologue, (2000) consider it to be endangered. The Nivkh language has two major dialects the Amur dialect and the Sakhalin dialect (Matthias Brenzinger and Tjeerd de Graaf, p. 9), though most of the language speakers are bilingual. The language utilizes SOV word order (Ethnologue), with eight cases of nouns, and active use of passive voice. The alphabet of the language consists of 31 consonant and 12 vowels. The peculiarity of the language is that Nivkh does…

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    with the name first, but it surely does fit our feelings for the town. Growing up in Tillamook, I start to notice more and more of the horrifying damage the rain water and rivers do to our town. According to the Tillamook County Department of Community Development, "DO NOT ENTER FLOOD WATER!" flood…

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    Downstream of dams, marked changes in fish populations occur as a consequence of blockage of migration routes, disconnection of the river and floodplain, and changes in flow regime, physiochemical conditions, primary production and channel morphology(McCartney, 2009, pg. 128). Due to the changes in the fish population caused by dams, the 1996 International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Animals includes 617 freshwater fishes (McCartney, 2009, pg.128). Fresh water…

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    snowpack melt in the summer. During upwelling events nutrient rich ground water would be brought up to the surface layers. If there is a spike in nutrient levels without any rainfall and low water temperature and low dissolved oxygen were observed, it usually implies to upwelling events. Upwelling can be localized and could also bring up the resting cysts of harmful plankton. Upwelling at known hotspots would lead to a bloom event during favorable conditions. A discrete sample was collected from…

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    Due to the flooding in Lower Onion Creek, Eric Rangel, 17, had to drop out of school due to the financial burden that flooding has imposed on his family. The Lower Onion Creek area flooded twice, once on October 31, 2013, and October 30, 2015. Many Lower Onion Creek residents are living in condemned homes five months after the latest flood. Eric Rangel said after the floods, the city condemned his home. His home was no longer inhabitable, and his family had to seek other shelter options.…

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    Fishing In America Essay

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    How long have people been fishing, not only for fun, but as a source of food? The answer, thousands of years, in “Egyptian artwork from 2000 B.C. shows people fishing” ( Hopkins 6). It is surprising, yet understandable knowing that even ancient people fished. It would of been an easy source of food. The lakes, rivers, streams, etc. were all full of a diverse population of fish, which would of made fish an easy meal to catch and eat. They were the first people to begin fishing so the…

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    Estuaries: Coastal Biome

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    Estuaries are arguably the most important coastal biome in regards to human settlement and use of resources. They provide us with a variety of services, assets, and benefits. Estuaries are partially enclosed bodies of water found along coasts. A body of water can only be classified as an Estuary if its waters are brackish. They occur when freshwater from a river or stream meet and mix with salt water from the ocean, Estuaries and the land surrounding them are places where land transitions to…

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    Mississippi Deltaic Plain

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    The formation of Mississippi Deltaic Plain (MDP) requires comprehensive work between the river and multiple coastal scales, such as temperature and space. It is very important to restore the MDP not only because it helps to understand the details that are needed to ensure the sustainability of the delta system, but it also possesses the potential to mitigate future damage from climate change to coastal ecosystem. The contribution of riverine inputs increase accretion and bulk density, benefit…

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    Environmental factors that occur in Los Angeles make the area extremely vulnerable to debris flows. Because the debris flows descend into highly populated areas, the city of Los Angeles has put forth numerous efforts to control debris flows and the impact they have on housing developments. The Los Angeles County Flood Control District (now titled Sedimentation Section of the Hydraulic Division of the Los Angeles County Department of Public Works) is responsible for the safety of the eight…

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    The areas of Putah Creek within the vicinity of the university campus have been conserved to certain extents and heavily used by humans. The creek has been altered and manipulated over the past decades by humans and the alterations in the creek and nature are obvious at each of the stops of the self-guided trip. The trip featured the riparian plants in the reserves by the creek and the arboretum walkway. According to the field guide, UC Davis has been maintaining a policy of sustainability to…

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