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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
philosophical “wall” of Soviet domination and oppression
iron curtain
U.S. policy of resistance to Soviet attempts at expanding communism
competition between the United States and the Soviet Union for power and influence in the world
Cold War
countries subject to Soviet domination
satellite nations
committee that probed the government for Communist infiltration
a military alliance between the Soviet Union and its satellite nations
Warsaw Pact
American financial aid program for helping Western Europe recover
Marshall Plan
means of transporting supplies around a Soviet blockade
Berlin airlift
describes satellite nations
nations dominated by the Soviet Union
What did President Truman promise in the Truman Doctrine?
to support nations trying to resist Soviet control.
The Berlin airlift was President Truman’s response to the
Soviet blockade of West Berlin.
In response to the formation of NATO, the Soviet Union
created the Warsaw Pact.
What was the outcome of the Korean War?
Korea remained divided at almost exactly the same place as before the war.
What impact did Joseph McCarthy have on American society?
He encouraged a widespread fear of communism.
At the Yalta conference, Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin decided to
divide the defeated Germany into four sectors—American, British, French, and Soviet.
The Soviet Union wanted to rebuild after the war in ways that would
protect its own interests
After the war, the Soviet Union quickly took control of
several Eastern European countries.
For nearly 50 years, the Cold War was characterized by
political conflict and military tensions
What was one goal of the Marshall Plan?
to create stable democracies that could resist communism
Kennedy won the 1960 election by a
very slim margin.
As a result of the Cuban Missile Crisis,
the Soviets removed their missiles from Cuba
What did the Warren Commission decide about the Kennedy assassination?
Kennedy was killed by one man who had worked alone.
President Kennedy asked for a huge increase in military spending because
he was afraid that the Soviet Union planned to take over Europe.
What brought the United States and the Soviet Union to the brink of nuclear war?
the Cuban Missile Crisis
The Soviets built the Berlin Wall in order to prevent
East Germans from fleeing to the West.
The policy of making the military power of the United States and its allies so strong that no enemy would dare attack it for fear of retaliation is known as
In the televised presidential debates between Kennedy and Nixon, Kennedy appeared to be
more polished than Nixon.
One obstacle Kennedy faced in his quest for the presidency was his
Members of the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) charged numerous Hollywood figures with
being sympathetic to Communist ideas.
What was an immediate result of the Truman Doctrine?
Congress approved $400 million to help Turkey and Greece resist Soviet influence.