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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
philosophy emphasizes the importance of the nation or an ethnic group and the supreme authority of the leader
government that exerts total control over a nation
keeping the peace by giving into an aggressor’s demands
Germany and Italy, later joined by Japan
Axis Powers
act authorizing the President to aid any nations whose defense he felt was vital to American security
Lend-Lease Act
U.S. laws designed to keep the nation out of future wars
Neutrality Acts
group of American isolationists
America First Committee
policy that required countries at war to pay cash for all nonmilitary goods and provide transport
cash and carry
What prompted the United States to enter the war in 1941?
the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
Joseph Stalin dominated the Soviet Union using the tactics of
terror and purges.
The Axis Powers were named for the “axis” between which two European capitals?
Berlin and Rome
The Japanese leaders believed they could cripple the American naval fleet
at Pearl Harbor.
During the 1930s, Hitler, Mussolini, and the military leaders of Japan
began invading neighboring lands.
The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
prompted the United States to enter the war.
Great Britain held out against the German attack at the Battle of
To which direction did Hitler look when he decided Germany needed more lebensraum (“living space”)?
to the east: eastern Europe and the Soviet Union
Hitler signed a Nonaggression Pact with
the Soviet Union.
Hitler used what military strategy when invading Poland?
a blitzkrieg
Which militant Japanese general became prime minister in October of 1941?
Tojo Hideki
The United States began to emerge from the depression as a result of
producing goods for the Allied forces.
What was the main war strategy that Roosevelt and Churchill first agreed on?
to concentrate on winning the war in Europe
The Germans were finally halted in their advance into the Soviet Union at
the Battle of Stalingrad.
The complicated Allied invasion to take Europe back from the Axis Powers began
on D-Day.
The Battle of the Bulge was
the largest battle fought in Western Europe during World War II.
What was one of the main goals of the Nazis in the 1930s?
get rid of the Jews
What important idea came out of the Nuremberg Trials?
Individuals are responsible for their own actions.
Through their island-hopping strategy, the Allies put themselves in a position to
bomb Japan.
The goal of the Manhattan Project was to
develop an atomic bomb.
During World War II, many Japanese Americans were interned, or
confined to camps in isolated areas
Because of the war, large numbers of women began to work as
steelworkers and welders.
After the war, women were expected to
leave their jobs and return home.
What took place on D-Day?
the landing of Allied forces on France’s Normandy coast
What best describes Japanese kamikazes?
bomb-loaded planes whose pilots deliberately crashed into targets
What finally brought an end to World War II?
the dropping of atomic bombs by the United States on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
V-E Day, May 8, 1945, marked
the end of the war in Europe