Essay on Managing Ethnic Diversity in the Workplace
The first usage of ethnicity is attributed to the American Sociologist David Riesman in 1953. The word ethnic, however, is much older. It is derived from the Greek word ethnos (which in turn derived from the word ethnicos), which originally meant heathen or pagan. It was used in this sense in English from the mid-14th century until the mid 19th century when it gradually began to refer to …show more content…
A study of ethnic identity instated that the most important point to be made about the “American Melting Pot” is that it never occurred . The proponents argue that rather than eradicating ethnic differences, a modern American Society has actually created a new awareness in people, a concern about roots and origins. Moreover, many Americans continue to use their ethnic networks actively when looking for jobs or spouse. Many prefer to live in neighborhoods dominated by the same origins as themselves and continue to regard themselves as “Italians, Poles, Chinese, and Japanese etc.
Changes in the world after Second World War helped to bring many of the tribal societies into increased contact with each other; many have also migrated to Europe, or North America, where they are brought into competitive relationships in politics and labor markets. Sociologists, Social Psychologist and Anthropologists have studied their relationships with the host societies extensively.
Some ethnic groups have moved to towns or regional centers where they are brought into contact with people with other customs, language and identities. Frequently, people who migrate try to maintain their old kinship and neighborhood social networks in the new urban context. Although speed of social and cultural change can be high, people tend to retain their identity