Theories Of Leadership And Change Management
LEADERSHIP CONTINUUM: An early contribution to the literature on leadership styles was made by Robert Tannenbaum and Warren H Schmidt back in the 1950s. They proposed the idea of a ‘leadership continuum’ consisting of seven stages. Each stage of the continuum involves a decreasing use of managerial authority alongside an increasing level of subordinate freedom
2. SITUATIONAL LEADERSHIP: However, earlier mentioned leadership styles are supported by research there was a need to take account of the context or specific situation within which a leader is operating which was explored in more detail by Paul Hersey and Ken Blanchard. They named their leadership theory as situational leadership. The situational leadership theory followed on from the work of Bill Reddin who developed a 3-D model of management style and has been updated and refined several times.
In Fig 5, based on a redefinition of the four types of leadership by Peter Cumpstey and Philip Lindsay, illustrates how they are affected by supportive and directive behavior and the development level of followers.
Fig. 5 Pathway plus strategic management and leadership level …show more content…
TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP: The term ‘transformational leadership’ was first used by James V Downton in 1973 and was popularized by James MacGregor Burns in his 1978 book Leadership. It remains the predominant leadership approach in the literature and has also had a significant impact on the way that modern leaders behave.
Transformational leadership involves the engagement of followers and therefore transformational leaders are often charismatic. Accounts of transformational leaders differ, but most focus on how the leader can fulfil the development needs of their followers. In uncertain times, it has been suggested, employees want to feel inspired and empowered by their leaders, and therefore transformational leadership fits well with the modern age.
6. AUTHENTIC LEADERSHIP: An important aspect of an authentic leadership style is self-knowledge, although there is also a strong emphasis on knowing others and knowing your organizational culture. This enables you to strike the right balance between being an authentic, true version of yourself and fitting in to your company or organization. Key writers on authentic leadership include Rob Gofee and Gareth Jones, and Bill