Scurvy: Vitamin C and United Nations Children Essay

1142 Words Jan 11th, 2011 5 Pages
Scurvy is perhaps the oldest known deficiency disease. However, its specific relationship to ascorbic acid was not recognized until the 20th century. It generally occurs between six and 18 months of age, but can start much earlier in pre-mature babies or those borne of mothers who lacked nutritious food during their later stages of pregnancies. This makes it a type of malnutratian. Mal nutrtiian is a pretty broad typic but a lot of children suffer from it , Malnutrition is a dietary condition caused by a deficiency or excess of one or more essential nutrients in the diet. Malnutrition is characterized by a wide array of health problems, including extreme weight loss, stunted growth, weakened resistance to infection, and impairment of …show more content…
Diets that lack a wide variety of foods may result in vitamin deficiency diseases. For example, in countries where people eat maize as the staple food and only few other foods, diets may lack niacin, a B vitamin. Such diets may cause pellagra; a deficiency disease characterised by dermatitis, diarrhoea, and dementia. Some people find it difficult to meet their nutritional requirements. For example, women, due to their menstrual cycle, have a higher requirement for iron than do men. If their iron requirement is not met, women may develop anaemia. Geographic factors can play a role in nutritional deficiencies. In some remote areas where the soil contains little iodine, the plants that grow there also contain little iodine. Since few foods contain significant amounts of iodine, people living in these areas may suffer prolonged iodine deficiency, resulting in disorders of the thyroid gland. In developed countries inadequate consumption of calories and protein is common in the elderly and in people with certain diseases, such as anorexia nervosa. However, the most common form of malnutrition in developed nations is overnutrition, which can lead to obesity. Obesity increases the risk of many diseases, including heart disease, diabetes, and arthritis
The symptoms of scurvys, graduates with anaemia. It is, however, usually abrupt with severe pain in a leg

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