Bone Development Research Paper
Proteins are required for structural …show more content…
The body needs these minerals for chemical and electrical processes; they support and function in cells, help produce hormones, build/repair bones, to name a few. There are two main types of minerals; macronutrients and trace minerals. The macronutrient sodium which is required for fluid balance, allowing the cells to be in their optimum environment, facilitates nerve transmission and muscle contraction. Trace minerals are minerals your body does not need as much of, however are just as essential. The trace mineral iodine functions in the body for the production of thyroid hormones (Taylor, Green, & Stout, 1997).
Like minerals, vitamins are required in small amounts and are needed by the body less often compared to carbohydrates. Vitamins have many different biochemical functions within the body. Vitamins come in two forms; fat soluble and water soluble. Fat soluble vitamins are found in fatty foods and animal products. They can be stored if not needed by the liver and adipose tissue. An example of this is vitamin A which supports your vision, immune system and bone growth.
Water soluble vitamins are not stored in the body and must be eaten more often. These vitamins are found in fruits and vegetables. Vitamin C is a water soluble vitamin that helps produce and maintain connective tissues like collagen and is used as an antioxidant (Mason, Losos, Singer, Raven, & Johnson,