Review For Exam 2 Essay
REVIEW FOR EXAM 2
Review the Key Terms at the end of each chapter.
Lecture 5 – Delinquency across the Life Span
1. Describe Claussen’s classic study of children of the Great Depression and its findings.
2. Define “turning point.” -involves a gradual or dramatic change which may lead to a modification, reshaping, or transition from one state, condition, or phase to another
3. Describe the various explanations for the age of desistance from crime. As age increases, criminal behavior decreases in frequency and seriousness. Ones identity in ages 17-20 begin to realize their life going nowhere and must make necessary changes to achieve success. The decision to give up or continue with crime is based on …show more content…
7. Summarize the life-course developmental model and discuss why this model is not adequate.
8. Provide examples of how gender bias affects how female delinquents have been treated in the juvenile justice system. The law allows judges discretion to hold offenders for contempt of court (e.g., displaying “unacceptable” behavior). Judges may apply their contempt power more often to female offenders than their male counterparts.
9. On the issue of race, compare differences between African American, Hispanic, and white girls revealed in self-report surveys. African Americans (AA) reported lower drug, alcohol, and tobacco use rates than whites and Hispanics, AA female rates are particularly low (10%). Yet, young AA women are picked up by police at 3 times the rate of young white women
10. Discuss the differences in the socialization and coping strategies between young African American females and white females and their related outcomes. For AA women, the psychological reaction to childhood abuse may be more likely to be externalized in the form of anger in outbursts of violence. For white women, the reaction may be internalized with drinking. According to Chesney-Lind, minority girls’ strategies for coping with the problems of abuse, drugs, violence, and gang memberships tend to Place them outside the conventional expectations of white girls and It also increases the