Essay on Psychology of Education

4518 Words Mar 3rd, 2013 19 Pages
EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY: A DEFINITION AND KEY CONCEPTS
It seems too simple to say that educational psychology is the psychology of learning and teaching, and yet a majority of educational psychologists spend their time studying ways to describe and improve learning and teaching. After reviewing the historical literature in educational psychology, Glover and Ronning (1987, p. 14) suggested that educational psychology includes topics that span human development, individual differences, measurement, learning, and motivation and is both a data-driven and a theory-driven discipline. Thus, our definition of educational psychology is the application of psychology and psychological methods to the study of development, learning, motivation,
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To illustrate how the science of educational psychology can help teachers, we'd like to identify some key concepts and their relationship to instruction and learning. Much more will be said about each of these concepts as you work your way through this book.
Understanding the Meaning of Teaching
The first key concept is the need to understand what it means to teach. We hope that as a result of reading this chapter and others, such as Chapter 10, you will have a better grasp of "life in the classroom." You must, however, have a basis from which to make decisions about teaching.
Knowledge of Students
The second core concept is the belief that to teach skillfully, you must have as much knowledge about students as possible: their needs, characteristics, and differences. Section 1 of this book introduces you to the developmental lives of children. Chapter 2 is devoted to tracing the cognitive and language development of children, while Chapter 3 focuses on their psychosocial and moral development. Reflecting the diversity in our classrooms, Chapter 4 examines the impact of culture, class, and gender on teaching and learning.
If you become a regular classroom teacher, you will come into contact with one or more students who are exceptional. There are many different types of exceptional students, including the gifted and talented, as well as students experiencing sensory handicaps, communication

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